If Not then Yes
The foundations of logic and mathematics: applied to hudud, God begins to lose sense.
Elections and Logic
Hudud and Reasoning
Consider the syllogism below, a method of logic, and a jibe from Mahathir Mohamad:
- The keris represents Malays (proposition)
- Umno has a keris, X-inches long, (premise)
- Umno is therefore a Malay nationalist (conclusion)
- PAS has a keris, X plus N inches long (premise; where N is greater than zero)
- Therefore PAS is more nationalist than Umno (conclusion)
The statements, first, second, and fourth are object-propositions; they may be true or false. The third is pure deductive conclusion, its validity being completely dependent on the truth and falsity of other propositions. Bundled together, you can intuitively see that there is something false in the final conclusion because, for it to be universally true, it is dependent on whether or not a monyet holding a keris, no less than X inches long, will be treated as a Malay nationalist. In this test, the jibe is wrong. Mahathir gets ‘F’ — again!
Yet he appeals to numerous Malays for the reason he likes to frame emotions in an inductive logical form (it is from his medical science training). Logic as a tool of reasoning is itself robust and also attractive. But it cuts both ways, exposing numerous Mahathir’s error — if only the Malay were to look a little closer.
Even so, Mahathir is way ahead of other Malay politicians in thinking. Return to the logic sequence above. Buried in its form is an a prior syllogism that demonstrates the falsehood (a) a keris is nationalism and (b) all Malays are nationalists, therefore (c) all the keris in the world are Malays.
Now, pick at random any PAS politician from Sungai Besar and Kuala Kangsar because campaigning requires them to make valid arguments (i.e., in street parlance, makes sense) that will persuade voters to their side. And what do you get? A feast of idiots who fail even the most rudimentary reasoning.
Here is Dr Najihatussalehah Ahmad speaking at Kampung Baru Jerlun in Kuala Kangsar:
- Hudud protects all women
- Ah Moi is a woman
- Therefore Ah Moi should try hudud
We won’t try to tell where and how the syllogism failed — the falsity is everywhere, in every word, every definition, every idea, every association of those ideas, and on and on. But this reasoning is coming supposedly from a scientifically educated person, a medical doctor apparently. Some Maimunah. That in turn says what and how people are taught in the Malay national schools and universities. Satu sekolah? No thanks.
Next, Hadi Awang:
- Crime is a form of disease
- Hudud is a form of disease cure
- Therefore hudud cures crime
No prizes for anyone giving Hadi an ‘F’.
Then there is Hadi’s Moon thing. WTF… Let’s not even go into it.
After which comes some kampung man-tuan by the name of Ibrahim Man whose pivotal argument for Hadi’s Bill is, “Muslims have their religious obligations, as others do in their religions. Muslim obligations do not interfere with that of other religions.” Therefore, he means to add, why are you minding our business?
That is one more Ibrahim blaming not the Constitution for its stipulations, and not other bumis and Muslims in Sarawak and Sabah or the peninsula, not even Marina Mahathir or the G25. At the risk of being tiresome, MCA’s position is simply,
Umno has all the rights in the world to see the Bill through with PAS, but it won’t be with the Chinese vote, in parliament or out. After all, it is not our business. Why vote? We quit.
Might we even be pleased to witness a Malay chop up another Malay? But use your own chopper, Melayu. Ours is not for loan.
Instead, here comes some kampung tuan who goes to town and puts the Bill’s opposition squarely on the Chinese shoulder, accusing interference. One reads the same argument everywhere, every time from as faraway as a Welsh pig in Manchester. So fuck you, Ibrahim.
It is ominous, as if they are setting up a situation, a pretext, to kill Chinese. And would Najib let it happen? No, he won’t; he won’t trust chance to take its course; his life is at stake. He’ll make it happen. If not prime minister in the next two years, he has too much to lose. He thinks of the billions sitting somewhere, waiting to be collected, floating from one account to another. And he has to hurry as well before someone gets to them first.
This means that if he fails in Sungai Besar and Kuala Kangsar, hudud along with them, the killing starts.
Does Malay, Umno-PAS politics make Malays stupid? Irrational? Answer: Yes, of course, once they make things up. Insanity and irrationality share the same bed.
What’s also ominous is that the like of Hadi and Najiha and some Ahmads sit in Parliament to produce tomes of laws all pivoted on some rationale. Then, when the law comes into practice, one gets more lawyers, more judges, more fallacious arguments, more crime — even after all the hands had been chopped off. Poor fellas of the Muslim faith — chopped up by a logical failure.
Hudud itself doesn’t make sense. If the punishment for stealing is the chopping of hands, what is there left to chop off on the second theft? Or third? Will the octopus be the only specie left with hands?
Then this: Grant the proposition that since it is the hand that steals, hand amputation is indeed appropriate punishment. Likewise, a man’s penis commits rape. Why doesn’t hudud demand that penis be cut off? Why leave that piece of thing alone, intact and free to rape again? Those Maimunahs, those poor girls, in the kampung, having to contend with bands of roaming penis. Thanks to Hadi.
Yet Hadi is not alone among prominent Muslims as idiot. Zakir Naik is another. A Wahabbist/Salafi ideologue from India, banned in many western countries, Zakir toured Malaysia in April and was feted by government ministers including Zahid Hamidi who considered (wisely?) the Islamofascist a ‘wise man’. Zahid’s judgment leads to the only conclusion possible in local intellectual standard: Muslims who listen to the like of Zakir and Hadi, even Zahid, do so not out of any rational or persuasive quality in the men’s arguments or truths. But that they simply wished for public reaffirmation into their own individual racism and bigotry.
Umno, from Najib Razak down, clearly understood that acquired trait in human nature that the party itself had so carefully nurtured for decades. It is to rely on the hatred of an external enemy — the Chinese — to bind together the Malays behind him. Najib needed this radicalism to survive these last days so that he would backed it up with Zakir then followed by more events jointly with Hadi.
Is this a sign of the times: madness before collapse?
Desperate to stay in power Najib had for a year employed terror (jail, sackings, isolation, even murder); now he has added to it fascism. In another time, another place — for example, Nazi Germany and Stalin Russia — the general population would demonstrate their support for the leader by taking actions of their own. For instance, patients would refused treatment by Jewish doctors. (One reads of a time in Malaysia when the situation was identical in reverse: a Muslim doctor refuses to touch a patient.) That is, the insanity worked.
Not in Malaysia, and not anymore. Even Najib’s political partners in MCA and Sarawak had refused to cooperate with Najib to accept hudud so that he suddenly finds himself alone.
This is to Malaysia’s credit that they are enough people to see through Najib’s tyranny, his madness, and his personal, political agenda. That is, this is not a stupid country filled with stupid kampung bumpkins. They know reasoning, even if intuitively, and that in reason is produced a thing we call, being reasonable.
That’s an Asian cultural trait not lost (yet?) to the fascism of Hadi and Najib.
Kita tak takut. Takut apa? Hudud? Bukan orang Cina takut, Hadi. Yang anda sendiri takut. Takut Orang Cina? Atau takut orang kampung? Atau dua-dua sekali?
One other thing, Maimunah: Careful with the man before you. He has a pair of hands and a penis. Why don’t you chop them off before he does something bad to you? It’s in the hudud, is it not?