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Am I wasting time teaching elementary economics to that stupid mamak Prime Minister and his bookkeeper Minister of Finance?

But, fortunately for those two motherfuckers, there is YouTube and the Internet….

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Why Malaysia can never, never, never end up like Greece.

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The purpose of exports is to get imports.

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The more the government spends, the more your income goes up.

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What crisis? China: A real case of a deficit spending and full employment in a mixed economy.

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My Dear, Dear China

This year is 70th Anniversary of the establishment of the PRC

China’s success is being fought, won and earned by people like those below. 祖国 加油!

One teacher. Also clip below.

One builder.

One village.

One family.

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Update on Semenyih

One win in Semenyih and Bujai is gloating:

Perhaps Semenyih is a wake-up call for Dr M and his Cabinet and also a warning not to toy around with the people by making empty promises. This is not the era of his 22-year tenure, this is a complete political revolution.

For the non-Malays, it is also a clear message that in any discipline they take, they would still need the Malays. This is Malaysia, not China, India or any other country!

For Barisan to take Semenyih, why is Bujai worried for Dr M or his Cabinet, or even Harapan? If making empty promises is “toying with people”, why is Bujai worried over a Harapan toy?

Then Bujai warns the Chinese (and Indians), suggesting that the Malay is the only relevant power in Malaysia. Malay is the power because of one miserable seat, and a state seat at that? This was the sort of attitude Najib Razak and Umno held during GE14 and they lost — and that man is in the docks waiting jail time.

Bujai further says Malaysia is “not China”. Who says it is? Does China hold elections? Does China want to be Malaysia? If DAP is treating Malaysia like China, how are the Malaiyoos (Mahathir and Anwar and those in Amanah) treating the DAP? If Umno is treating Malaysia like it is exclusive Malaiyoo-land, why is Najib Razak, tail between his legs, running to China? So what’s this Malaysia?

This is the trouble with these Malaiyoo propagandists like Bujai: One little victory and Bujai gets a hard on, balls and prick filled by an inability to do simple arithmetic because the Semenyih results didn’t compare a 2,000 vote majority to a 9,000 vote deficit. Malaiyoo propagandists think so great of themselves when they are so fucking stupid. No wonder Umno lost power.

Bujai, fuck your Malaysia. It is worth nothing in the world. Nothing. We Chinese can put you away in a flash. Not true? Ask the Aussies.

Bujai boy, worse than understanding nothing, you have learn nothing from GE14. Nothing at all.

BTW, go fuck your filthy mother, Bujai. If she is dead, go cum on her gravestone that Malays are so fond of doing.

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First, here’s the Lie you have been fed since school…

That there is a thing as human rights, or individual autonomy, or freedom, independence, etc. In repeating this neo-liberal mantra, Harapan says, these are inalienable rights.

Bullshit, there is nothing inalienable about human rights or freedom. None of that exists. They are lies, and below Henry Rosemont Jr explains why and how you have been conned.

His answer is simple: place those same demands (or ‘rights’) in the Confucian framework and what comes out have different results, the implication of which is that many of the dilemmas affecting neo-liberal politics clears. In effect, you could throw out neo-liberalism and produce the same results we hold dear.

Here is the solution for Malaysia: Vote Malays but think In-Chinese

Pakatan Harapan capturing power in Malaysia is simply an aberration. People can regain the country from that bunch of snake oil salesmen, starting with Anwar Ibrahim and Mahathir Mohamad.

But because Harapan politicians think and deal on Anglophile terms, after which they peddle western economics, neo-liberal ideology and culture, it is time Malaysians think outside the West. Once you’d think about your problems another way, you’d find that rescuing Malaysia from Harapan is easy because the solutions exists and these have been tried out and proven successful (see clips at the bottom).

But, first, politicians and academics — people who care enough — must come together to set alight this process of changing the discourse.

In the clip immediately below, Roger Ames tells about some basic epistemological notions about phenomenons, which include the philosophy of science. Ames’s explanation is as applicable to economists as it is to students of science and researchers by dropping the textbook arguments for reductionism into particularities. Look instead at objects as relationships of things.

The Ames lecture was delivered in Singapore five years ago. The clip title is wrong though. Ames was actually talking about Daoist and Confucian philosophies as a combined scientific and epistemological worldview of nature, culture and society, the three being inseparable.

Ames is very good: He is the only white man alive (that I’m aware of) who reads and writes classical Chinese and is able to interpret that text in its true, intrinsic sense, and after which to translate those Chinese ideas coherently into English. His is an ability infinitely better than Malaysiakini editors and columnists — people who know shit; people who pretend that they spread disinterested information as if words were Ramli burgers instead of propaganda; people who want the money of other people by offering the illusion of providing a service although the service is bullshit.

Like other Chinese Anglophiles who are brained washed in a diet of western education, Steven Gan spreads not knowledge but stupidities, his stupidities foremost.

I act, therefore I become.

For more on Thinking In-Chinese, start here.


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REFORMING THE REFORMS

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The Neo-Liberal Harapan Con Job by George Soros

Malaysia’s Anglophile economy and the Harapan fraud that’s globally a zillion times bigger than 1MDB

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In a case worse off than most of the 150-odd developing countries in the world, Malaysia has plunged head-on into a neo-liberal agenda. To do that it bought the entire pack of snake oil peddled by the Soros free-market fundamentalists centered in New York and London.

Why do Harapan politicians do that while promising socialist-style manifesto intentions? One short answer: Stupid.

How is that possible? Answer,

  • by monopolizing politics (that even denounces its fellow opposition parties such as PSM),
  • by sequestering the media all to themselves (Malaysiakini), and
  • by propaganda (that is, lying with talk of reforms and good governance about their actual intent, which was ultimately taking power).

In short, it has been a con job, drawn from a script written by Anglo-Americans.

This post is, therefore, about economics (hence, a critique of the neo-liberal agenda) because the actual intent of the Harapan con job, done so by packaging snake oil as ‘Save Malaysia’ remedy, has far reaching, real life consequences, some of which we are already seeing. That is, Stevie’s Lies, so explicitly covered up in propaganda by the US-controlled Malaysiakini, have profound consequences.

Telling the Truth: Harapan the Charles Ponzi of Malaysia

Instead of listing those consequences, I shall abstract them into three broad macroeconomic concepts (this will require some elementary knowledge of economics):

1. Redistributive macroeconomic policies become the opposite of what Harapan had sold to their electoral constituents. In its case, national assets (projects and companies most notably) are seized then transferred to select persons so as to be monopolized by the class of the influential and the connected: road tolls, student loans, medical insurance, housing loans, etc. A starting point in seizing those assets is to identify then bundled these assets into a single command and control center. It’s called the Ministry of Economic Affairs.

The next step, as advocated by PKR’s Wong Chen during GE14 campaigning, is to farm them out under such financial banners as ‘Management Buyout’ on the pretext the assets had been badly managed, politicized and corrupt. This is privatization by the backdoor which in neo-liberalism ideology has the mantra that firms in private hands are always better managed than by the government agencies though this is never empirical true, always.

What has been the results of Wong Chen’s argument via adopting neo-liberal moralizing? It produces this — stripping of state assets, quietly, to unknown but clearly favored parties, and at a discount to boot. In these shady transactions, it is a given Harapan politicians, starting with Lim Guan Eng and Azmin Ali, got kick-backs in kind. (ABW has more on the phenomenon here.)

2. Fiscal policies are made to center on finance and big banks instead of determining what’s socially just. To be socially just is to ask and answer the question: for a public project to proceed or not proceed, it must be based, primarily and foremost, on bringing about the most benefit to the greatest number of people, present and future. Instead, persons like Mahathir Mohamad and Lim Guan Eng based their project decisions entirely on question of affordability. Hence they say, like bankers always do, Malaysia cannot afford to repay. This reinforces the propaganda peddled by the US-sponsored Malaysiakini that treats all government repayment guarantees for firms as debt and the government as a firm.

Several presumptions, all false, underlie Lim Guan Eng’s wickedness of equating government as firms. Three will be cited:

  • (a) That debt is transferred from, say, a GLC to the government, effective right away. This is false and impossible in accounting terms because such a liability is never posted on the government’s balance sheet (meaning its current account) until the debt materializes and the debt won’t materialize until the GLC defaults.
  • (b) In transferring the debt from a firm to the government, all other things in the firm is not transferred. This, again in accounting terms, is a blatant lie because in any balance sheet, there are also assets and income streams alongside the liabilities.
  • (c) The government can infinitely provide the currency for the debt that a company cannot. That is the government does not act like a firm with a fixed budget.

In any economy, debt is a necessity for the construction of future assets. In another name, these assets are called resource capacity that, in their turn, produces income stream, and that further triggers a cascading, snowball effect.

The collection of project capacities is, in economics, called capital formation. A rail road is a capital good; Guan Eng’s Gucci underwear is a consumption good. Capital goods are good. Guan Eng’s underwear is bad — and stinks, Gucci or not Gucci. In refusing to build up capitacity, necessarily with debt:

  • Harapan undermines everybody’s welfare — through its failure to deliver jobs, factories, services — present and especially future. Harapan does not build for the future. This refusal to act today for the future is very American and underscores the failure of democratic politics which demand that Harapan look exclusively at the country as a mountain to mine for power. Winning GE15, GE16 and so on are all that matters because lose any of those elections, it lose them everything, including influence, control and money.
  • Harapan will not fulfill the functions of government in providing for the people, literally treating the government like it is a private,grand holding company with budgets, equity, sales, incomes and so on, all of which is false. A government, to repeat, is not a firm belonging to Guan Eng’s father named Lim Kit Siang, that piece of pigsty owner.
  • In treating the government as its private conglomerate, rather than as publicly owned, it treats public resources, including its ability to raise money (Tabung Harapan) as spoils of war through which it rewards party members (Malaysiakini), sponsors and lackeys (Vincent Tan) then punishing political opponents. You see this Harapan attitude that finances Chinese schools (Han Chiang) but not Malay student loans (PPTPN). These are the seeds of even greater corruption, as evidenced in Mahathir’s heydays.

4. Harapan will create greater social dislocations, unemployment in particular, because their politicians care for less for societal harmony and stability than for markets. Because labor and people are never central to Harapan macroeconomic policies (if there is any) then the focus of any neo-liberal agenda is profit, money and finance. These are the same talking points in the US Congress and by western policy makers when addressing debt and government spending.

Once national policies are based on a profit and loss account, the government invariably creates unemployment because, like a firm, employment is a cost that cuts into profits. For its failure to address stable consumer prices and inflation, Harapan blames the past government and blames the GLCs by arguing, contrarily, the lack of investments, inefficiency, poor education, middle-income trap, and so on.

Hence, they cut public works but blames racial politics; they reduce subsidies and impose austerity but blames it on deficit and debt; they abolish GST but promptly imposes other coercive forms of revenue collection, sugar tax, traffic congestion tax…, all signifying the return to the failed policies of privatization and private sector led development. Social policies are privatized in new ways for old political sponsors (Tong Kooi Ong of UPP Holdings and Sunrise). For example, building construction is extracted for profit and not for your rights to housing. And to keep up with profits, that Indian thamby named Kulasegaran refuses to expel foreign labor because the presence of Banglas and Indons keep wages down.

Consequently, Harapan creates a wage policy (1,100 ringgit?), as promised in its manifesto, but this is only a minimum wage not a living wage. There is no way a family of three or even two can live on 1,100 a month. This is fraudulent because minimum in Malaysia is high wage in Bangladesh.

Further as an example, the adoption of American style neo-liberal market economics in South Korea has produced extraordinary social effects, and not just in inequality (where the world’s top 0.1 percent richest commandeered the wealth equal to the bottom 50 percent). Korean suicide rates, traditionally below OECD average, have risen since 2008 to three times that of the average.

5. Harapan will forever be on austerity. Useless as a government to improve living standards, Harapan endlessly repeat the American lie that government spending requires borrowing and that deficits will burden future generations. (See Clip No. 3.) This lie is like the Christian superstition of scaring people to think that fiscal hell and civilization collapse await those who spend too much. It is the same idea employed electorally by pointing to Najib Razak as a example of runaway spending. Their argument, thus, is this:

  • (a) Salvation is for those who eat less (while Harapan elites themselves feast on the table of the government resources, wink, wink).
  • (b) Truth redemption comes to those who give money to ‘truth tellers’ such as Steven Gan and Malaysiakini, and righteous redemption comes to those who give money to ‘charity’ foundations such as Tabung Harapan (500 million ringgit?)
  • (c) Harapan treat voters like they are church goers sitting in pews to whom they preach salvation and for salvation to be preserved is to preserve the church and the way to preserve the church is to give its preachers 10% of your salary. Malaysia is treated like a Christian enterprise where preachers get rich and the flock gets poorer.

6. Lost of sovereignty. Typically, we think of sovereignty as a political form governing international relations. Sovereignty also has a monetary and financial dimension that one reads about from Fitch and Standard & Poor’s. It is called sovereign debt, which defines the worthiness of a country to be able to pay its debt in a foreign currency, almost always US dollar.

Now, if the the rest of the non-Western world is working towards “de-dollarizing” (that is trading in another currency such as the Renminbi or Yen), what does bringing Malaysia tighter into the neo-liberal economic agenda does? Answer, it greatly increases Malaysian risks, one of which isn’t just a question of repaying in dollars. The risks extend to domestic security.

Venezuela offers a clear, salutary lesson. When in January, the US refused to recognize the Maduro government, it promptly ordered its banks (most prominently Citibank and Wells Fargo) to close all accounts held by the Venezuela treasury. At that time the accounts held more than US$30 billion, the accumulated proceeds from previous years of oil and gas sales. Add other related assets such as bonds and treasury bills, the US sanctions froze more than US$60 bn. Not a cent could be taken out to pay for imports of medicine, for things like insulin and chemo drugs. In desperation Venezuela turned to the Bank of England where it has a stock of US$1.5 billion worth of gold. But the Bank refused to hand over the gold, arguing, like the US did, Maduro is not the legitimate government.

There is no other way to describe those sanctions and blockades: outright theft by the US of Venezuelan financial assets, the same way Libyan, Iraqi, Syrian and Iranian USD-denominated assets from oil proceeds were seized.

Sanctions also stop all borrowing. With accounts frozen, US banks refused to lend dollars needed for transactions to import machinery, food and medicine. Rating agencies like Standard & Poor’s promptly crashed the ratings of Venezuela sovereign debt. The country couldn’t borrow a cent. That is, literally, the US will choke you to death: first close your accounts, take your money, and then block all your future oil sales, the proceeds of which couldn’t be used for the foreign purchases of essential goods.

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Modern Monetary Theory vs the Neo-Liberal Ponzi Scheme

MMT or Modern Monetary Theory is a new way of extracting conventional economic thinking for the lies the latter have been spreading. For more details on MMT follow the clips at your leisure.

We have seen how free market fundamentalism, fiscal austerity, financialization and corporate influence in politics have endangered economies, communities, and the planet as a whole. What is the alternative? See here. Or see the clips below, which are based on empirical evidences and not on neo-liberal Malaysiakini-styled propaganda.

There are eight clips, the first of three which covers nearly all MMT in a nutshell. For details see the remaining five clips which are long. Come back anytime you like to where you left off.

The last two clips are important. They explain economic methods actually in practice that are unconventional to free market capitalism. The conclusion? We Chinese are on the right track, and that includes seeking truth from facts not on lies.

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The Global Revolt against Anglophile Neo-Liberalism

The Myth of the Free Market

Clips 1, 2 & 3. The penultimate lie from mainstream Liberal economics

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2. Stevie knows shit about economics.

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3. What’s the purpose of economics

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4. Speaking truth to Liberal power: Modern Monetary Theory

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5. There is no such thing as government unsustainable debt.

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6. Debunking US-sponsored Malaysiakini fake news

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7. The government is not a firm, requires no budget, and deficit spending is never a problem.

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8. MMT in China: Job guarantee for all, deficit spending is good.

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Prologue

The Rampaging White Man

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Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, roughly 1800-1950, there was never a year in 150 years that China was at peace. Meaning, this is within living memory of old folks. Few countries had suffered as much as China did, in part because it is so large and China fairly advanced that Europeans had trouble cutting in up and sharing it among themselves.

Here, instead, is the popular Hollywood perception of America in Asia: it does not colonize, it’s a godly country, a benign power that stood up for freedom, leader of the free world, defeating tyranny. But ask Rodrigo Duterte; he knows his history. Or ask the Central Americans. Or people of South America. Here instead is China’s experience: America lead the European alliance of UK, France, Italy, Germany, Russia to partition China, like they did Africa, a piece to each — as a result, bleeding and weakening it so bad that eventually the Qing state collapsed in 1910 and Japan conquered after that.

Here, too, is what typically takes place wherever white people went: they step ashore, demand this property and that as a right, you give a little, withhold some, depending on your courage and resolve, war results, treaties follow, and money change hands, loser to winner, always. Among agreed items would be fines, paid in silver which, like the US dollar today, was then the reserve currency also used international trade. Hence, in successive treaties:

  • 1858: 4 million taels to UK, 2 million to France.
  • 1860: 4 million UK, 4 million France.
  • 1901: 450 million taels, plus 532 million interest, shared by six countries, US taking more than half. By 1939, 668.661 million had been paid. This in 2010 domestic China prices equal US$61 billion. It would be worth more in when exchanged for USD.

Can you see in all the above an identical situation crystallizing today in US trade extractions from China and the abduction of Meng Wanzhou? To answer that, look at Britain that made the treaties — rule of law, you see.

Its pretext in the two Opium Wars, 1839–1842 and 1856–1860, are referred to in pictures immediately below. The justifications ran to reams of paper but boil down to three main ones:

  • (a) free, legalized trade, particularly in opium, in order to end, the British said, ‘smuggling‘,
  • (b) most favored nation status to bring in English goods,
  • (c) duty free import in extraterritoriality coastal areas where Chinese law will not apply but will come under British ‘legal’ jurisdiction. Such areas are known as ‘treaty ports’. France and the US adopted the British example and got their cut, the same terms, through the Whanghia and Whampoa treaties within the same year, 1844.

How did the US and France get their cut? France aided Britain in the first Opium War and, in the second, UK was joined by France and the US. Wars raged, the first of many to come from the West, halted in 1860, up and down the coast, back and forth, sea blockades, from Hong Kong to Beijing and back. Winning the war, the three countries walked away with a raft of ‘treaties’ (starting with Nanking and Tianjin), all their demands met, topped by ‘reparations’ (fines, that is) to all three powers for losses incurred by them because — and get a load of this — they conquered your land.

First Opium War 1839-42 Conflict Overview EN.svg

File:Destroying Chinese war junks, by E. Duncan (1843).jpg

Image result for summer palace artifacts

In the last year of the Second Opium War, October 1860, US, French and British soldiers entered Beijing then ransacked, burned and looted the Summer Palace. We call the place 颐和园 yiheyuan.

1888 painting of the Summer Palace, spread over 3 sq km. Restored part, below.

Unable to get back all 12 zodiac characters, Jackie Chan commissioned replicas made and donated them to the Motherland.

Local residents in Taiyuan, Shanxi Province, cool down at a fountain made of 12 bronze Chinese zodiac animals Sunday, a copy of the heads dating from 1759 found in the Yuanmingyuan, or Old Summer Palace in Beijing. The animal heads were first shown to the public on Saturday. Photo: CFP

Replicas in Shanxi: consider them as water coolers originating from circa 1720.

Four of the five originals that we have recovered and on display at the Weinan Museum, Weinan City, Shaanxi, Feb 2016. There are seven more to go.

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In the last days of the Opium War in 1860, Anglo-French troops were the first to reach Beijing after killing everyone alive in a Mongol regiment of 10,000 troops. At the Summer Palace, already abandoned, the troops burned the entire place, a sprawling 3 sq km large. What they couldn’t set alight they wrecked. What they couldn’t wreck, they looted. It took China decades later to take an inventory count of the missing items: 1.64 million pieces.

Most of them are today still in ‘private collections’, others in French (image below) and British museums, yet others in America, a total of 200+ museums in 47 countries. As at 2011, the Paris collection at Château de Fontainebleau alone has, according to the museum, 600 to 800 pieces.

The humiliation inflicted by the West on China is deep. But most dear to the Chinese are the twelve animal heads, hacked off and carted away from the Palace promenade where ordinary Chinese are allowed to walk. Those heads depict the 12-year cycle in Chinese zodiac calendar. Below is picture of the 2009 auction of the original bronze sculpture of the rabbit’s head. It sold for US$17.9 million. The rat’s head was auctioned at the same time.

Those two plus five we Chinese have gotten back total seven; we are still looking for the other five today.

China has tried a number of ways to stop such auctions but Christie’s and western governments say the sales are ‘legal’, with paper documentation to prove ownership, and they follow proper regulations. It’s that rule of law again! In response, wealthy individual Chinese are scouring all auction houses to buy and bring back those artifacts. In one such gesture Jackie Chan commissioned exact replicas of the 12 (images above). Crafting took two years.

 

https://i2.wp.com/www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/images/attachement/jpg/site1/20090226/0013729e45180b1087f803.jpg

They sell looted cultural art but the West say the auction is lawful and legal — like abducting Chinese in Vancouver is legal. In a Paris museum, below, some of the looted stuff. There are 1.6 million pieces we still must get back.

One of these days we, with the Russians, should just nuke Europe — after we are done with Washington and NY — turn them into dust, sign treaties with those still alive, fine them for the money spent on weapons and delivery, 150 tons of gold, then cart off all their treasures and when they turn up 150 years later, tell them the stuff are all legal, according to law, our law.

Moral of story? White people only understand that power talks.

The Chinese Museum at the Château de Fontainebleau, in Paris. Picture: Château de Fontainebleau

 

Color coding shows extraterritorial demarcations within Beijing in what is presently the Tiananmen Square and surrounding district. Everywhere they went, American, British, French, every foreigner, helped themselves, Tianjin, Nanjing, Shanghai and on and on. Further below, the fall of Beijing.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cd/Beijing_1900.jpg

Siege of Peking, Boxer Rebellion.jpg

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Return of the US War Against China

Battles after battles over the period from 1830 to 1900 left more than 20 million Chinese dead, including civilians. In the absence of the Qing government, already weakened by Allied forces, different parts of China organized their own resistance.

The picture below are members of the Hui Muslims from Gansu province. On Jun 11, 1900, a Japanese diplomat wandered outside his safe zone extraterritoriality, for reasons unknown. Muslim soldiers killed him. Japanese, aided by US troops, returned and slaughtered the entire Gansu garrison of 6,000 men.

Allied killings, particularly by French and British troops, were wanton in their brutality, largely because they were fighting on Chinese soil, everywhere Chinese, and many combatants were peasants quickly drafted, poor trained and poorly armed. For example, under the command of Sengge Rinchen, 10,000 Mongolian troops, spearheaded by an elite Mongol cavalry, were sent to guard Baliqiao bridge, an entry point into Beijing. Anglo-French troops slaughtered all of them — not one prisoner alive. That battle led the invading troops to the Summer Palace (above).

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/da/Chinese_Muslim_Kansu_Braves_1900_Boxer_Rebellion.jpg

By the time of the Boxer Rebellion, 1899-1901, half of Europe were inside China, US leading. Foreign soldier population count varied because they are rotated and since the wars had dragged on for almost a century, halting, resuming, halting and resuming. But at any given time, the numbers are, 54 warships and 56,700 soldiers. Picture below are representatives of all Allied soldiers in Shanghai.

See the Sikh soldier on the left? Descendants of the British-Indian soldiers (mercenaries?), about 20,000-30,000 of them, are still in Hong Kong, and have demanded Chinese citizenship because, they tell local newspapers, their forefathers contributed to China’s defense against foreign aggression! It is like Europeans telling China to pay fines because of losses suffered for invading your country.

Beijing refused. So, instead of going back to India, they routinely tell local newspapers in their 21st century political morality that Chinese are racist towards them and had infringed on their human rights. Only two years ago, PKR’s Wong Chen in a speech to the HK Foreign Correspondents’ Club said the exact same thing about Chinese. We are evil and racists whereas Ah-Wong is a saint.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/49/Boxer2y.jpg

People forget history, or don’t want to know.

This year 2018 must be remembered for the exact same circumstances that had trapped China in 1830: After a dozen years of a limited British opium trade, going nowhere and making little money, their troops arrived in Canton (Guangzhou) and demanded (a) free trade, for the British East India Company, and (b) an end to smuggling, that is, the legal import of opium, also by the British East India Company.

For each year in the next 70 years, and 50 years that followed, the Chinese world confronted by the barrel of the gun was turned upside down.

We Chinese will not let it happen again! Never, never, never.

On a personal note, we, Jian and I, have come to the point that, rather than see China submit to America, we will put on uniforms, take up arms, and we’d rather die and take a few dozen Yankees with us. Canadians, too, if they get in the way of our lives.

No wonder Osama bin Laden and jihadists want American heads so badly but they misjudged, miscalculated, were indiscriminate and conceited and impatient, and had overestimated their capability. We won’t make those mistakes: In spring, plan for the year.

We swear to our forefathers who have suffered so much at American hands, we will be resist and Yankees will pay.

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A. Introduction

A Historical Turning Point

Hillary Clinton: The Pacific should be called the American Sea

This is a long, long post, over 13,000 words, or 32 A4 pages, because recent past events, in the US and Canada in particular, coinciding with the 40th Anniversary of China’s reforms, make up a historical turning point. Those events have profoundly shaken our thinking, our compatriots as well and hence the Motherland, and all that will, in turn, affect the world. They also affect our deliberations in how and in what direction, using what policy methods we should progress in the next 40 years. I hope we’ll come out with answers.

We must because at stake is the welfare of a billion, the present generation and thereafter. We must have answers to anticipate that the years ahead will be filled with uncertainties (particularly US power, its domestic politics and economy) and also because there are enemies waiting behind a rock to pounce on us. In that, there can be no doubt.

Topics in this post won’t cover those deliberations but, instead, their background and accompanying facts, an effort to clarify in our own minds the events that have transpired. Someone said that you can’t know your own thoughts until they are written down.

Throughout, therefore, you will be reading about American imperialism and its racism, ethics, rule of law, political economy, international trade, electronics, and the science of quantum physics, some parts far more technical than others. Where evidences and remarks are verifiable online, hyperlinks are provided.

Instead of a long, uninterrupted narrative, this post is broken up into short, titled chunks for you to interrupt reading, if necessary to skip parts without disrupting thought flow, and so that you can readily come back to where you had left off.

A purpose of this post? Answer, in the prologue above.

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Justice & Truth

What we can say at all can be said clearly. Whereof one cannot speak, thereof one must be silent. — Ludwig Wittgenstein, 1989-1951

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Justice is only possible among equals. — in ‘Human, All Too Human’, Friedrich Nietzsche, 1844-1900

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B. The American Agenda

US Anti-Chinese Racism Goes Berserk

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For the past years, this year in particular, there have been countless American speeches from Secretary of State Mike Pompeo down, denouncing Chinese for equally countless evils. The two sets of remarks below other than giving meat to US policy towards China are pertinent to this post about Huawei’s Meng Wanzhou (MWZ) and the killing of physicist Zhang Shoucheng (ZSC). The first part of this post is here. This is now Part 2.

The Chinese government is proposing itself as an alternative model for the world, one without a democratic system of government, and it is seeking to undermine the free and open rules-based order we helped establish following World War II.

The Chinese fundamentally seek to replace the United States as the leading power in the world. The Chinese government understands a core lesson of the Cold War: Economic strength is the foundation of national power.  The competition between the United States and China will be decided on the strength of our economies.

We need more people in government, more people in business, more people in academia pulling in the same direction to combat this threat effectively. We think of them (Chinese businesses, academics in US) as just simply an extension of their nation. — EW Priestap, assistant director, FBI, December 2018.

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No country presents a broader, more severe threat to our ideas, our innovation, and our economic security than China. — Christopher Wray, Director, FBI, November 2018.

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The Coming War on China.John Pilger, February 2017. (Full feature film: A must see!) Also see ‘America’s Deadliest Export — Democracy.’

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Political Corruption & Rule of Law at the DOJ, FBI

Former Attorney-General Loretta Lynch, above, is today replaced by Jeff Sessions, who last month, Nov., launched within the Department of Justice the “China Initiative“. (Also see farther below for his role in killing China’s business and technology presence in the US, Meng Wanzhou being an example.)

Malaysian readers should recall that Lynch brought charges against IMDB. Priestap in the collage above is one of last remnants of Obama’s presidency to go (his FBI terms end this month), but only to be replaced by other Neo-conservatives.

The ‘rule-of-law’ notion being sold by Justin Trudeau does not stand alone — as if it were an end state — in regulating inter-human conduct in western countries. It serves America First, and Sessions’s appointment, his China Initiative and numerous other examples explain how politics is actually embedded in rule-of-law, not outside it. Rule-of-law doesn’t come from nothing, it comes from politics which seeks to regulate how individuals should regard each other.

As US Neo-conservatives like Secretary of State Mike Pompeo populate and seize the White House administration, the remnants of law-enforcement from the Obama and Clinton administrations are made to chant the ‘national security’ hysteria. Rule of law is weaponized for Neo-conservative attacks, particularly against China. Hence, you see Canada First liberal politics playing along with America First (and remember Malaysian First?).

All this is to suggest that anti-Chinese racism has been latent in successive US administrations, coming to the fore under Trump. Racism (slavery, native genocide) never left shore since Columbus arrived and, with him, waves of white men and their western cultures. How could racism — fascism by extension — not thrive in America, the world’s most powerful, most conceited, protected by the sea, east to west?

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C. Chinese Casualties

Abduction of a Woman in Canada, Death of a Physicist in US & a Night Fire in Holland

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This Storm of US Hypocritical Righteousness

In the week that Priestap delivered his speech (titled ‘China: A Threat to the World‘) to the Senate Judiciary Committee, followed by Christopher Wray, the following happened:

  • Dec 1: Stanford University’s quantum physicist Zhang Shoucheng was dead at the foot of an apartment building in San Mateo, California. His research venture capital company Danhua was singled out for technology espionage in a USTR 301 report. A 301 report by the USTR (US Trade Representative), a White House foreign trade agency, is an indictment much like a greatly expanded charge sheet in a court. 301 reports are exceptional but, once out, they attempt to crucify the target, justifying that usually on national, ideological grounds as attacks by foreign companies on the US domestic interests. The reports don’t single out individuals, resident in or outside the US. That was left instead to Sessions’s ‘China Initiative‘. Meng is the first.
  • Dec 1: Meng Wanzhou abducted in Canada. As early as 2012, Meng’s Huawei was repeatedly singled out in US government reports, newspapers, online and off, speeches, meetings, and conversations as a threat to US national security. This barrage of condemnation, first as propaganda, finally materialized as law (the ‘China Initiative’) that effectively plucked out and made criminals of some one-off business deal with offenses dredged up, literally from in-between ocean floors, and from years ago, and, in Meng’s case premised entirely — yes, entirely — on a Reuters’s newspaper report in which the same kind of mobile you own, not even an iPhone but much cheaper and lower quality, is classed as a ‘hi-tech instrument of national security concern’ to the US, even if those products have nothing to do with dozens of warships and hundreds of missiles that surround China today. Do you not see the glove-in-hand functioning of those ‘independent’ western journalists to the CIA, FBI, and American imperial, ideological motivations? (Also see the chronology below for specific cases and details.)
  • Dec 1: The factory and offices of ASML in Veldhoven, Holland, were severely gutted in a fire on December 1, date of Meng’s date and Zhang’s killing. ASML has a contract, since reneged, to supply extreme ultraviolet lithography machines, the linchpin of a microchip manufacturing, to Jinhua Integrated Circuit Co in Jinjiang, Fujian. Its new US$6 billion IC plant, already contracted to use ASML machines, was due to begin operations next year but everything about it has since halted. Why? Because in the November before its closure, the new US Attorney-General Jeff Sessions accused Jinhua of stealing trade secrets, along with Taiwan’s chip maker United Microelectronics Corp (UMC), and three of the latter’s executives. UMC and executives were alleged to have stolen IC designs from Micron, a DRAM memory-chip and rival producer in Boise, Idaho. But instead of UMC, it is after all Taiwanese, the US Commerce Department, on the basis of DOJ’s accusation, placed Jinhua on its sanctions list that prohibit any company worldwide from dealing with the latter. That includes ASML. To date, no formal charges are laid but the damages inflicted are horrendous (punishment before rule-of-law, you see): just-hired workers told not to report to work, Jinhua’s new offices empty, dust everywhere, remaining creditor bills that total millions unpaid, nearby shopkeepers swatting flies to pass the days, who themselves have bills to pay, what happens next nobody knows, how money is to be repaid nobody knows also. (Full disclosure: your author is acquainted with the factory.) At the opposite end of this business chain are China’s makers of electronic devices, and they are numerous. Those who contracted Jinhua for ICs, must now turn back to American companies for their supplies, the same country where lays, perversely, all the accusations of technology theft, its global sanctions, and protecting national security so that going back to America would, in its turn, make the Chinese ones even far, far more vulnerable to the same accusations. Thus, in this round-and-round way China comes up against its Achilles heels: the IC chip that’s at the center of making electronic device, handphones and notebooks in particular.

(In a little while we’ll return to this damn chip and bundled into it, like a cling wrap, is US bullying, its hegemony politics, commerce, science, Zhang Shoucheng and Meng Wanzhou.)

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D. Zhang Shoucheng

The Killing of a Chinese Physicist

While, on the one hand, the US war hysteria have in Meng’s arrest, Zhang’s death, Jinhua and ASML their American ideological dimensions. On the other hand, but fundamental to its ideology, is individual American attitudes that are intense in their racist quality, particularly when asserting its (ketuanan) dominance over China and its rule of the world. That single theme of preserving American conquest of the world is, of course, virulent in the entire spectrum of American establishment. But what is toxic this time isn’t its interpretation of China as a geopolitical and economic rival but as a yellow-skin swarm of locusts out to strip off America of everything.

That racism appears in speeches after speeches from among the highest echelons of US power, coming in particular from Vice President Mike Pence, at the APEC meeting in Papua New Guinea, for example, and National Security Advisor John Bolton in December 2017, after that to the BBC in January, in an NPR interview early this month, and speaking at the Heritage Foundation later. While laying out the conditions for aid to Africa, he speaks of Chinese instead, in verbatim language as “corrupt, predators, and colonizers“.

To Malaysian Chinese readers, the American racial bigotry would, if for nothing else, look exactly like Umno and, inversely, in DAP’s obsession with Najib Razak, endless day-in, day-out harangue that finally ends in the dock for the man. In modus operandi, the American propaganda denunciations, appearing almost hourly on TV channels and in newspapers the next day, recall the relentless anti-Chinese rhetoric prior to GE14 campaigning by Mahathir Mohamad and his sycophants. In 1969, it is the same sort of ketuanan bigotry that prepared the ground — and, hence, justification — for the killing and pogrom of more than a 1,000 Chinese on May 13 and after.

In this American nationalist background of pernicious racism, Zhang Shoucheng’s death isn’t an isolated, coincidental event of a killing. The following explains why and how:

  • (a) Zhang’s death mirrors Teoh Beng Hock amid an anti-Chinese DAP campaign. Priestap has acknowledged that the FBI has been, for some time, “interacting”, meaning interrogating, Chinese executives and academicians; Zhang’s company Danhua being named, he then would have faced FBI ‘interaction’. Neither Zhang’s family nor Stanford University where Zhang was professor, has publicly acknowledged how he died, excepting that the former suffered from ‘depression’. (Malaysian readers should recall Teoh Beng Hock who fell off a high window of the MACC because, according to a public inquiry, he, too, for some moments during interrogation slipped into depression, hence, to give the impression Teoh leapt out of the building.) There are instead compelling reasons to believe that, like Teoh, the FBI killed him or drove him to his death.
  • (b) Huawei is categorized as a US national security threat. In January, the US National Security Council issued a report titled ‘Secure 5G that called for ‘permanently tasking‘ FBI and other ‘intelligence agencies’ to monitor and report to the US government infrastructure vendors on grounds of ‘national security’. Out of eight companies, only ZTE and Huawei (others being Qualcomm, Cisco Juniper, Nokia, Ericsson, Samung) were singled out and accused of subverting US security although both companies lagged behind all the other six in two pivotal technologies and must depend on foreign suppliers, namely chip design and production. Of Huawei’s 92 main suppliers, 33 are US companies. Today, the US Justice Department (DOJ) criminal case against Huawei about violating US sanctions law over Iran was based entirely on a newspaper report published six years earlier! (Re: Dec 1, Meng’s abduction above.)
  • (c) Zhang is individually categorized as a US national security threat. With virtually all government agencies, especially the Department of Justice, arrayed against Huawei, the FBI was cleared to set up individual targets. That is its specialty anyway. Priestap has acknowledged building such a list of individuals but the FBI’s problem was getting all of them. (Go to the link to Priestap Senate report.) The campaign, first against China as a nation, now extended to individual Chinese, have resulted in US imposed extraordinary visa restrictions on Chinese students, even Taiwan computer engineers. (See the DOJ case against Taiwan’s UMC/Fujian’s Jinhua, and the warning to overseas Chinese individuals that they are in line to be targeted.) To overcome the difficulty of covering so many Chinese scientists and executives in the US, Priestap proposed ‘assistance’ from US businesses and universities. Zhang would be on top of the list to be fixed by the FBI not only because of Danhua. But, it is also because he is the only publicly known first-rate Chinese academic mind in the US, proficient in both Chinese and English, too, to actually commit himself, personally and financially, into applying theoretical physics and mathematics into commercial use, and that for Chinese companies.
  • (d) Zhang’s close relationship with Huawei. He had been meeting Meng Wanzhou to discuss fields in scientific endeavor that are directly related to Huawei’s businesses, namely Internet of Things or IoT, specially cloud computing, artificial intelligence and quantum microprocessor chips that would make Intel designs look like child’s play. Zhang isn’t involved in 5G technology which, as far as Zhang was concerned, is simply an enabler in those three fields. He has, on record, saying to Chinese audiences, in China, that such a radically new and different chip, called quantum computing, is different in design and construct from the ones you see in present-day computers is commercially feasible in the next five years. The quantum chip is not a new generation of hardware (see this for example). It’s another hardware altogether, one so wide that, once made available commercially, will embed into supply chain logistic, transport, academic research as in biochemistry, space, medical and pharmaceutical uses.
  • (e) Canada plotted with America to finish off Huawei. So potentially deep and wide are quantum computing applications that the science would have to extend to the military use and, hence, in geopolitical power. Meng’s arrest clearly has to do with international trade, especially with Huawei technology, wherein here, (see this), Jeffrey Sachs outlines how Justin Trudeau lied with talking about a non-political, independent use of rule of law when he knew about the abduction before even President Trump. That suggests (a) America’s intensifying and widening anti-China campaign would now switch to specific company-related, Chinese individuals as targets, and (b) that Canada didn’t ‘arrest’ at the behest of the US; no, Trudeau plotted it with the Americans since she has family and property in Canada and since for five months or so, America said, Meng had been bypassing US territorial space. That Trudeau-Pompeo-Bolton plot explains two things, in its turn: First, why Meng was kept in seclusion hiding and in silence for four days before being produced in court and, thus, to media spotlight. This inferred Canada and the US had been arguing over how next to proceed with her; the urgency in the dilemma arising from the fact that only 11 Canadian late night and wee morning hours separated her abduction from the time the flight left HK. Second, why Trudeau immediately jumped to the rule-of-law argument — an argument that didn’t matter one way or the other to the Chinese. If not as persuasion, then the argument was clearly not meant for Chinese ears but for America which, during the four days, would want her in person, on US soil, right away, without the bail hearing that risks not getting Meng at all. Trump later saying he would intervene in Meng’s behalf over an America trade deal simply verified that there had been a plot to fix Huawei. The next question is, What’s in it for Trudeau? Or, like HSBC which betrayed Huawei, America also has a hold on him? (See next segment after the one below.)

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Image may contain: outdoorThe fire at the ASML factory and office in Veldhoven, Holland on the night of Dec. 1.

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E. Chronology of Events

An Abduction, a Killing & a Fire

Events leading to Meng in Canada, Zhang in the US and the fire in the Netherlands:

  • 2004: Zhang Shoucheng concurrently held (by courtesy appointment) titles of Professor Applied Physics and Professor of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University.
  • 2009: Zhang joins Chinese government initiated ‘Thousand Talents Program’ 千人计划, a platform for international talent for China, focused on especially overseas Chinese.
  • 2010: Named J. G. Jackson and C. J. Wood Professor in Physics, Stanford University.
  • 2013: Zhang created Danhua Capital, a venture capital firm, which raised US$434.5 million across two funds. He also served as an independent non-executive director at Lenovo Group and at Meitu. Danhua focuses on funding artificial intelligence, big data, robotics, and blockchain technology, among others. Invested in study of drones, artificial intelligence and cyber security.
  • Apr. 2017: A director of Huawei personally escorts the famed Shanghai-born physicist Zhang Shoucheng from the latter’s hotel in Shenzhen. The Jackson & Wood Professor of Physics at Stanford University, Zhang, was in town to attend an IT summit.
  • Jul. 2018: US government brands Huawei a ‘nefarious actor’, purposefully sent by China’s government to infiltrate US intelligence agencies and their communications infrastructure. Huawei and ZTE were prohibited from selling in, apart from the US, Australia, New Zealand and Britain, all the Anglo-Saxon countries.
  • Aug. 2018: US Congress passed Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernisation Act to expand the government’s power to review all (that is, China’s) foreign investments in the country. This include all other laws and treaties related thereto. For example, China and the US had in 1979 a scientific and commercial treaty which permitted exchanges in these two fields if related. The same month, National Defence Authorisation Act specifically prohibits all government use of Huawei (and ZTE) products.
  • Sep. 2018: Prof. Zhang receives a European physics award, one of his many honors. His work in quantum physics is expected to revolutionize the global semiconductor industry. Yang Zhenning, the first Chinese scientist to receive the Nobel Physics Prize (1957), had predicted that Zhang would be the next one. His paper on quantum computing.
  • Oct. 2018: To nail Huawei and China simultaneously, one of America’s Neo-conservative establishment mouthpieces The New York Times published a front page article stating that Chinese spies were listening to phone calls on President Trump’s iPhone. The accusation was so incredulous — and outrageous — that prompted China’s foreign ministry to respond by suggesting Trump use a Huawei phone. The NYT is mention here because corporate Anglo-Saxon media is a lynch-pin war, the drum beater, against Chinese.
  • Nov. 2018: US Justice Department (DOJ), of which its Jeff Sessions, the Attorney-General, is a part, launches ‘China Initiative‘, for the purpose of investigating any high-tech related Chinese company in the US and/or worldwide and prosecuting (Chinese) individuals employed or related to them.
  • Nov. 2018: Fujian Jinhua Integrated Circuit Co abandoned its US$6 billion plant which had been completed, ready, staffed, and awaiting equipment from suppliers like Holland’s ASML (see below). Reason: America embargoed all sales of chip-manufacturing equipment to China where in Jinjiang, Fujian, Jinhua was to begin operations next year eventually producing 60,000 wafers. The factory is now empty.
  • Nov. 20, 2018: USTR, an attack-arm on international trade under the US President’s Office, released a 301 report focused entirely on China, and accusing it of “infiltrating” Silicon Valley for its technology. Report singled out Zhang’s Danhua as something of a culprit but makes no mention about the originality of his scientific work and the revolution likely to impact computing. FBI deepened their files that had investigations on Zhang and Danhua. Accusations were never made public but, typically, it would be for ‘espionage’, as found in USTR 301 reports.
  • Nov. 29, 2018: Zhang and Meng Wanzhou met in Hong Kong. Both were expected and had agreed to attend a post G20 summit dinner in Argentina. Zhang returned to the US. When he arrived or if he immediately went home, none of that is clear.
  • Dec. 1, 2018: Changing planes in transit on her way to Mexico, en-route to Argentina, Meng is ‘arrested’ by the Canadian government.
  • Dec. 1, 2018: Zhang falls to his death from a building in the US. City location, building name, time, all these facts have been withheld. A statement issued by his family to Stanford University and published on the Physics Department home page merely said he “passed away unexpectedly this past Saturday, December 1 after fighting a battle with depression.” The statement insinuated Zhang committed suicide but never said how, where, when, or if there is a suicide note to support the insinuation. Other than announce his death, Stanford University also said nothing. [The family is lying by insinuation and and by omission. Zhang is a deeply philosophical man. See his interview of Frank Wilczek talking about Bertrand Russell and Greco-Roman metaphysics and phenomenology, branches in philosophy related to physics. Philosophers never, never, never kill themselves.]
  • Dec. 1, 2018: A night time fire breaks out at the Prodrive factory subsidiary of Holland’s ASML, the world’s leading manufacturer of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography technology. EUV is crucial to the production of the next generation of semi-conductors, which US and Chinese tech firms as well as Korea’s Samsung are competing to be first to bring to market. Leading Chinese semiconductor producer SMIC is known to have ordered EUV technology worth US$120 million from ASML, for scheduled delivery early in 2019. After the fire, ASML announced that it expects delays in shipments of its products to existing customers.

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F. American War: Money & Law

Bending the Rule of Law

HK Companies that rat on the Chinese

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Table 1: US & Allied Corporations that have broken US anti-Iran, sanctions laws

  1. Bank of America
  2. Bank of Guam
  3. Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi
  4. Barclays
  5. BNP Paribas
  6. Clearstream Banking
  7. Commerzbank, Compass
  8. Crédit Agricole
  9. Deutsche Bank
  10. HSBC
  11. ING
  12. Intesa Sanpaolo
  13. National Bank of Abu Dhabi
  14. PayPal
  15. Royal Bank of Scotland
  16. Société Générale
  17. Toronto-Dominion Bank Toronto-Dominion Bank logo.svg
  18. Trans Pacific National Bank (now known as Beacon Business Bank),
  19. Standard Chartered
  20. Wells Fargo.

Not one — not one — executive from the list above was ever arrested or charged since 2000.

The Canadian among them is at #17, Toronto-Dominion (TD), Canada’s largest bank, based in Toronto, Ontario, notorious for funding Ponzi schemer Scott Rothstein in 2012.

TD’s CEO Bharat Masrani, of India origin (India being world’s largest democracy), never had to answer, much less extradited, for conviction of Iran sanctions in 2017. Instead, also at US behest, he ordered closed all the accounts of about 100 Iranian-Canadians overnight. Another 62 accounts affected belonged to Cubans. These had dire knock-on effects, in particular personal mortgages, so that borrowers had within 60 days to come up with the money owed or find a replacement bank of the mortgages, an impossibility simply because you are Iranian.

If this was rule of law, it was applicable selectively: Before, Latinos (Nicaragua, El Salvador, Cuba), after that Iranians and DPRK, now Chinese. For rule of law to be globally effective, it needs accomplices not just among Anglo-Saxons and not just in Canada alone but elsewhere, from other nationalities. Take Hong Kong, head office location of HSBC and Cathay Pacific, both of which betrayed Meng to the US authorities.

Betrayal would be inevitable given if they were faced with US blackmail. In 2018, StanChart still faces fines of US$1.5bn. Perhaps, unlike the HSBC, it hadn’t yet delivered. HSBC was threatened with almost US$2 bn in anti-money laundering fines in 2012, the same year the bank lured Meng to give them a presentation to open a US$ offshore account then passed her power-point presentation, translated into English, to the FBI. Today, Reuters and Bloomberg talk of the US Justice Department agreeing to reduce that sum by a third. (Also see table below.)

All bank-client, lawyer-client confidentiality are thrown out the window, even though they are laws (Malaysia, Hong Kong, Singapore, for example) that make criminal any disclosure to especially third, unrelated parties such as the US government.

That aside, Iran sanctions law don’t apply to US allies, namely South Korea, Japan and India, three of which are today permitted to import crude oil on the recommendations of Goldman Sachs whose Asia Pacific chairman Tim Leissner never had to spend a day in jail although he has pleaded guilty to defrauding Malaysia’s 1MDB of US$4 bn. And why is Goldman Sachs so hallowed? Answer: One in two within President Trump’s inner circle of economic, trade, treasury advisers are from Goldman Sachs, notorious for breaking every financial law in town — and getting away with it. Here is an incomplete list:

  • Steve Mnuchin (Treasury),
  • Gary Cohn (Economics),
  • Steve Bannon (White House),
  • Anthony Scaramucci (Communications),
  • Dina Powell (Security),
  • Jay Clayton (SEC), all of which suggests that the wolf is now guarding the fucking chicken coop.

https://c6dl5x1uaua7tk6u-zippykid.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/goldman.png

Passed not long after taking office, one of Trump’s new corporate laws affects offshore earnings and how much that is taxed. It was redefined and the result is the chart above.

Canada follows ‘Rule of Law’, did you, Justin boy? Canadians, white people in particular, must be very, very, very stupid: I am not even a drop of blood Canadian nor white and I can see what rule of law actually means. Canadians don’t even bother to ask.

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G. American War: Individuals as Targets

Table 2: To break rules, know whose rules.

https://cdn4.i-scmp.com/sites/default/files/images/methode/2017/04/03/fd3c8682-1834-11e7-b4ed-ac719e54b474_972x_142250.jpg

Inside all the corporations above (Table 2), only Meng Wanzhou has to answer personally to US sanctions, even though the alleged Huawei trade involved was paltry, under US$20 million, a sum that is only a fifth of the Bank of Scotland fine and a fraction of one percent of Huawei’s total sales! And that’s for cellphone exports from China to Iran, not America to Iran.

Soon after the HSBC-Meng 2012 meeting in the US, Reuters that year published a report of Huawei selling phones to Iran. Today, six years later, the US Department of Justice said it has reason to believe Huawei violated anti-Iran sanctions on the basis of the Reuters report, with HSBC providing the evidence. All of which reads like it had been a FBI sting operation.

Cases of corporate media and US government colluding to fix enemies created, companies and individuals, are a a dime a dozen.

Take the SCMP, where Enoch Yiuhttps://cdn1.i-scmp.com/sites/default/files/styles/70x70/public/enoch-yiu.png?itok=ZNizpHuN wrote an article about HSBC (Table 2 above) owing fines to America. She painted the bank as a poor, pitiful, unwitting party to deceitful, lying and rule manipulating clients. By inference, Huawei would be one of them. It never occur to Yiu to ask, ‘Whose rules, what kind of rules are those, in whose interests’. Nor does Yiu question the law’s ultimate objectives, so that the fundamental issue at stake isn’t rule-breaking, which is inevitable given the irrationality and overbearing US sanctions laws. Rather it is HSBC double-dealing hypocrisy, one which can’t tell right from wrong nor know plain decency once it is willing to betray clients to selective American rule of law application that has work not because a bank like HSBC offer better, more efficient services but fundamentally because customers need such a bank and need dollars in a US dollar regime: Deal in US dollars or no deal.

If he had to, there’s little doubt HSBC’s John Flint Image result for hsbc ceo, CEO since February, will sell his mother, even his wife and kids, to get on the good books of America. This is how bad the global trade situation has deteriorated — Anglo-Saxon, Christian morality bowing then sold to the highest, most powerful bidder. And this is coming from a bank where 80% of its net income are derived from doing business with Chinese, Hong Kong, Macau, and mainland China. With almost US$2 bn hanging around his neck, Flint has no qualms selling customers to US power because people like Meng are expendable (Meng gone, get another customer) but not the dollar regime on which Flint and his bank, the whole world indeed, depends on to keep going — and to get fat.

Flint could never see that, right before his eyes, is a white man’s racial witch hunt for Chinese — the same way, Americans exterminated native Americans, enslaved blacks and went after WWII Japanese (but not Germans nor Italians). This failure to see is not because Mr Flint is naive — how else could he be CEO — but because he is also white, Anglo Saxon to boot.

We Chinese should remember that. Certainly, we in Beijing have noted it and we say, Wait, wait, wait….

We prefer rule of ethics than rule of law because we Chinese know how to weigh the severity of things properly, but the law can’t.

Meng Wanzhou is as much a victim of Canadian, Anglo Saxon racism as is geopolitics. White men make the sanctions and extradition rules, using them when useful, not using when not useful. Extradition is not the cause celebre in Meng’s ‘arrest’. No, she is the consequence arising from the use of a white man legal instrument made to work in other white man territorial possessions. If she were in Panama or Haiti or Saudi Arabia or UAE, America would simply say, Hand her over. And they would, right away, no rule of law needed. Like US sanctions law, extradition functions as an extended, extraterritorial feature of racism in legal form — the same way black slavery and abduction of native Canadian kids were made ‘legal’ but valid only at home.

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Individual Chinese in hi-tech that America claims to own

Every Chinese or Chinese named person involved in hi-tech is today automatically on the US DOJ/FBI/CIA suspect list of working with or for China, like it was during WWII for Japanese interned but not Germans. Among the short listed was Zhang; was, because he is dead. Meng, of course.

So paranoia has America become — or envious? — that US visas, once processed in the back offices, are quietly limited for academic research and business. But Anglo-Saxons are not indispensable to learning and markets, partly for the reason neither physics nor Nature are proprietary information. As to markets, Chinese brandless, nameless producers slogging in Shenzhen, but never the like of Apple, sold the phone wherever people exist, never mind the poorest, the wildest because they made different ones for different people. Progress came in this way, along with trains and roads and ports. American companies wouldn’t touch those people, not in a thousand years — no big bucks, you see, from Pacific islanders and Gua Musang jungle dwellers.

Malaysian companies run by Anglophiles, who imitate the Anglo-Saxon morality and culture, adopt the same business attitudes — so they never could innovate nor progress.

Below, small wonder America is paranoia and envious….

https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRA6HzDQAZPPIcMd0chFZ-NkQRONZEixbHZU3AHzlMMHmPl6iuE

吴恩达 Ng Yan-Tak who grew up in Hong Kong and Singapore began hi-tech as an academic, an adjunct professor in Stanford, like Zhang was. Like Zhang, he, too, runs an AI Fund, his own unveiled in January 2018, raising US$175 million for startups. In China he was chief scientist at China’s Baidu. He is especially interested in connecting computing power and artificial intelligence, a question of how-to.

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Image result for jensen nvidia

 黃仁勳 Jen-Hsun “Jensen” Huang, CEO of graphics processor maker Nvidia. He comes from Taiwan. See his interview with Wired.

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Image result for Lisa Su

苏姿丰/蘇姿豐 Su Zifeng or Su Tzwu-Fang, born 1969, Taiwan, is a trained electrical engineer, today CEO and President of AMD, the chip processor maker. Her focus is silicon–on-insulator technology: how to get more MHz clockspeed out of the chip without it burning up.

Does she not see that Moore’s Law is not law? (See the section on quantum business.) Has she forgotten what our ancestors taught us about technology’s First Principles? Which is, you never, never work against Nature; you never, never force your technology against dao 道, but to work with it, to always cut the wood according to its grain so that burn-up prevention doesn’t lay in suppressing the heat, which is inevitable as computing speeds rise, but to flow with its causes — wu wei  无为 — that thermodynamics is the sum of the opposites of different phenomena by the same elements.

难易相成
长短相形
高下相倾
音声相和
前后相随
是以
圣人处无为之事

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H. Intermission

The point in the earlier segment is to show that technology diffusion being so widespread and that it is personal, that is, held by individuals, the assertion that hi-tech belongs to the US is so absurd as to be laughable.

What is native American technology? What is meant by theft of US, white people technology? Measured by patents? Yet, in eyes of quantum physicists, the cell phone is a bicycle but to Pompeo, Jeff Sessions, and Reuters and Bloomberg, they are hi-tech, whatever that is. (See the Appendices for the number of scientific papers and patients churned out by China versus the US.)

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Meng Meiqi, the most popular idol in Rocket Girls (photo from Baidu)

Above: She, too, is Chinese but not in computing. Try looking up Meng Meiqi 孟美岐 and Rocket Girls and Cosmic Girls, the latter sponsored by Tencent, also Chinese. She has the same surname as Meng Wanzhou, kidnapped by Canada.

Chinese Cosmic? Rockets and space Internet? Will she be next on Pompeo and the FBI/CIA hit list? Perhaps for undermining US national security interests and demoralizing US troops in the South Korea where she also performs.

Below, our own sweet 王菊 Wang Ju warning America and Canada…

Wang Ju (Photo from Baidu)

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I. 5G Racism & Phones

Why is the US Picking on Huawei

Is it over 5G technology? Competition?  (Listen to clip above.) Or over spying and Iran. Cut to the chase, and here is the short, straight answer: Because it is Chinese.

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Table 3: Mobile phone sales, by units shipped, 1998. Top 5.

  1. Nokia: 37.374 million
  2. Motorola: 32.319 million
  3. Ericsson: 23.827 million
  4. Panasonic: 13.397 million
  5. Alcatel: 6.967 million

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Table 4: Mobile phone sales, by units shipped, 2018, Apr-to-Jun. Top 5. (See Appendices, Diagram 1 for details.)

  1. Samsung: 71.6 million
  2. Huawei: 54.2 million
  3. Apple: 41.3 million
  4. Xiaomi: 33.9 million
  5. Oppo: 29.6 million

Compare and contrast the two tables above. Within 20 years, all five companies, two of which are US, have completely vanished, a phenomenon that had nothing to do with American marketing savvy. It is one thing to lose to the Finnish (Nokia) and the Swedes (Ericsson), or Japan (Panasonic). But it’s another to lose to China because it has (a) domestic market size as a starting point, (b) disposal incomes, (c) lower prices, and especially (d) the technology. None of those four factors that has catapult Chinese companies to the top could be made up by the penchant in Wall Street and Silicon Valley to pump up sales on the back of creating illusions of superiority (in Malaysia it’s called ketuanan).

There are other examples of this illusion-creation that’s marketed in Wall Street circles where mere construction by language — words — in financial “engineering” and “wizards” is billed as heaven sent: (a) the 1995 collapse of the banking, financial derivatives market, following the bankruptcy of Barings bank; (b) the 2008 implosion the collapse of the US housing and financial markets that bloated on reams of paper contracts called CDOs (collateralized debt obligation) that rest on no foundations.

iPhone prices are so hyper-inflated — and that’s on a very lowly base engineering know-how — that Apple Inc is worth US$1 trillion, beating Exxon-Mobil two times over; and, Apple being so rich by selling each iPhone at four times its CIF price and none of which it actually makes! The result of that wealth, in US foreign policy terms, is the induction of Apple into the constellation of US ‘national security’ interests, alongside its banks which are powerful because, since 1973 when Bretton Woods collapsed, the US government made the dollar compulsory use the world over, starting with oil. So called hi-tech companies are today greater than, in the beginning those US oil companies like Exxon-Mobil and, after them, the finance sector like JP Morgan Chase and Goldman Sachs, all notorious worldwide for funding illicit activities — against US so-called national interests.

But this illusion creation cannot beat objective reality nor can perceptions beat objective matter.

Along comes China which the US international trade policies under Ronald Reagan had exploited in order to manufactured cheap goods and keep inflation down at home. Along with China manufacturing, comes Huawei, ZTE, and others. In combination, this trade with Chinese companies reveal the depth of those illusions of power and wealth and influence. That is, US influence rested on nothing more than US ideological illusions (its Anglo Saxon morality is a responsible, ethical country) and a piece of banknote called the US dollar.

Today, with both undermined (the pulverizing effects on Iran sanctions in defiance of UN and, trade, especially in oil, being settled in yuan instead of the US dollar), the US turns to the only thing left to weaponize: the extraterritorial reach of US law, inter alia its criminal justice system.

The effect of weaponizing that legal system not only places sea lanes (South China Sea), US military bases (400 used to encircled China) and its war fleets within the purview of ‘national security’. It also turned doing business, international Chinese companies and, in particular, the US dollar note into an issue of national ‘threats’ — throwing them into an all-in-one apple cart, not to be defeated even if that means global war.

ZTE and Huawei were set up as ‘threat’ targets in the US as early as 2012, intensifying in 2014 and crystallizing in February 2018 when six security agencies (incl. CIA, FBI, NSA) appeared before Congress for an orchestrated nationalist fervor against both Chinese companies. None of their products, in both telecommunications (routers, wifi modems) and handsets, are actually prohibited from the US market so that if you brought with you into the US a Huawei phone from Hong Kong you still could get pass Customs. Their supply chain was severed instead.

ZTE’s supply of chip components were cut off from Qualcomm and Micron and that, in turn, affected not only ZTE’s deliveries globally. AT&T was prohibited, in a phone call from the State Department, to partner with Huawei to sell cell phones, two days before their joint launch. In all cases of disruptive tactics, the US justification — national security, breaking laws for selling to phones to Iran — made less and less sense; US Customs had only to ban all imports into America from China.

In June, four months after the ZTE case, when higher import duties were imposed on China made goods, again, on grounds of unfair competition and technology theft, it was clearer than day America’s motivations were not solely about its trade deficit. They were setting up China for the fall in the geopolitical category that George Bush and other presidents once set up Iran, Iraq and North Korea for their destruction — the evil empire. The lying never stops. For example, US administration under Obama, the man with the Nobel Peace Prize, was bombing seven countries from north Africa to the Middle East when he left office. Within her three-year tenure as Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton doubled US arms sales to Saudi Arabia to US$80 billion, the same country that funded ISIS and Osama bin Laden then using the same hardware to kill Yemen.

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Roots of the Anti-Chinese US Campaign

FBI Director Christopher Wray (left) and then CIA Director Mike Pompeo (2nd from left), before the latter’s promotion to State Secretary in March, testify on worldwide (read Chinese) threats during a Senate Intelligence Committee hearing on Capitol Hill in Washington, DC, February 13, 2018. By then, six years of crusading anti-Chinese ground work, in and out the White House, had crystallized into specific plans for action.

Given the number of numerous white racists ensconced within successive US administration, Pompeo’s anti-Chinese racism isn’t unique, excepting that his is a in-your-face kind. In the 2010 campaigning for the Kansas House of Representatives, Pompeo openly called his opponent Raj Kumar Goyle, who is of Indian parentage, a “turban topper man“. Barack Obama, he said, is a “evil Muslim communist“.

Image result for ccid chief malaysia

Turban? Evil and communist? Doesn’t Pompeo sound like the Christian Hannah Yeoh, Petra Kamarudin and Umno, a three-in-one?

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J. The Phone as US Security Interest

Table 5: Fall of US Phone Empire

How does a Chinese Phone Spy if iPhone can’t

The entire weight of the US government has been beating up Huawei as early as 2012 when it was under Barack Obama.

After Huawei’s Meng Wanzhou was abducted and China responded in kind, the western media went to town, predictably, with the story that the two Canadians were taken as tit-for-tat. This is spiced by the media line that Meng is some sort of ‘princess’ in China’s global trade expansion. That line of thought goes to show one thing: Canadian minds, like American journalism that’s so over-rated, are equal to the Malaysian taxi driver with a plumber’s knowledge of how the world functions.

Table 5 illustrates the counterpoint, that is: Why is that only America sees Chinese products as a spy threat, but yet their companies do so well? One reason is China itself, so large a domestic market that what it sells abroad is simply surplus production. It meant the American market cannot make or break China’s back, Huawei by extension.

Apple, in contrast, relies on exports to thrive. America has 220 million smartphone users, the world has almost 3.6 billion, China alone 1 billion. At the rate shown in the table above, Huawei up 41%, it won’t be just the export markets that Apple loses but at home. (Also see iPhone sales charts below.)

Question: Will capturing Meng Wanzhou then parading her in front of the TV cameras for CNN and Fox News turn that around? Answer, don’t know. But, it confirms a long-held suspicion: once America feels their products can’t compete, they have no qualms squashing that competition, not only in the US but outside as well. Hence, the decision to bar Huawei from the Anglophone world and Japan. In effect, it is politicians campaigning for American businesses by other means, used in terms sometimes called ‘decoupling’, other times ‘isolation’, militarily called ‘containment’. All amount to the same: fix China. Following are the methods of decoupling US State department officials deploy each time they speak abroad:

  • geopolitical threats (Japan, South Korea, Taiwan),
  • treaties and security law (Canada, Taiwan),
  • liberal ideology (Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan India) and,
  • Anglo-Saxon racial bigotry vs Chinese technology (Canada, UK, Australia, Britain New Zealand).

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Huawei’s advantage over Apple is that it serves two ends of the cellphone market, making the telecoms equipment (that provides the connection) and the handset picking up the connection. Next year, Apple phones will have limited uses in 5G markets whereas Huawei have begun shipping out 5G smartphones.

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America certainly think that undermining Huawei’s credibility, including Meng’s abduction, will work. Yet that is not what Beijing thinking.

  • One, so what if Huawei sales suffer as a result? Huawei is a tiny part of total China.
  • Two, where Canada is involved, why should we care about its rule of law that is applied on a Chinese, and especially applied selectively?
  • Three, where US-Canada is involved, Meng’s case, looked at from the background of six years of unrelenting American bullying, is an expansion of anti-Chinese racism on a global scale. Where will this end? Which country in the world is safe for a Chinese, even just passing through? China will look after and protect every single overseas Chinese, wherever they are, says China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi in response to remarks after Meng’s abduction but which were not reported in the western media. That is, Meng is a daughter of China. Or, restated in abstract terms, China’s reforms open itself to the world and, today, America is closing the door shut by making it unsafe for any Chinese to leave home. Such is American attitude: they tell you when and when to shut your own door. If America feels threatened and doesn’t want Chinese in America, well say so; we will go to other countries only. But to involve Canada, and we don’t know who else after that, America is saying, in effect, open your door but don’t come out. This absurdity has prompted Xi Jinping on Dec 18, the 40th Anniversary of China reforms, to say: “No one is in a position to dictate to the Chinese people what should or should not be done.”
  • Four, and this is an extension of three. Go back to Table 5. XTE is missing, and this is thanks to America. Question: How far are we Chinese to have to take this humiliation? It is the same sort of humiliation Britain had inflicted on China during the Opium Wars and, after that, Japan. There has been nothing but kowtow after kowtow after kowtow.

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Fall of US Telecom Empire

Take an iPhone, say, an XS. From what you see and hold then imagine regressing that device, that is, stripping it off layer by layer, reducing it to its most basic function, ignoring appendages like battery and sound. Here is are the primary stages of constructing an Apple product, backwards, outside-in:

  • iPhone XS product assembled, by Foxconn, Taiwan;
  • system-on-chip, by ARM, UK, which is the phone version of the desktop computer motherboard;
  • integrated circuit (IC) chips, by TSMC, Samsung;
  • CPU design and commissioning by Apple;
  • CPU digital core by …?

95 per cent of the high-end microchips used in the computers and smartphones that it makes – at a cost of US$227 billion in 2016.

First look at the table below…

Table 5: For the first time, Chinese Chip in a Chinese Electronics

  • Apple’s A11 Bionic Chipset operates on the models, iPhone X, iPhone 8 and iPhone 8 Plus
  • Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 845 in Razer Phone, OnePlus 5/5T and Sony XZ premium
  • Samsung’s Exynos 9810 in Galaxy S9 and are S9 Plus
  • Huawei’s HiSilicon Kirin 970 in Huawei P20 Pro

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Now, compare the sales volume of chip producers, in two periods 2003 and 2017, roughly the period that the cell phone market has taken to grow and mature. Even before the advent of 5G technology, the chip in China’s electronic devices are entirely dependent on foreign supplies, as early as 2003.

Table 6: Top Five telecom equipment makers today.

Rank Company Country of origin Revenue (mn US$) 2017
1 Qualcomm USA 17,078
2 Broadcom Singapore 16,065
3 Nvidia USA 9,228
4 MediaTek Taiwan 7,875
5 Apple USA 6,660

See the change? Above and below. See any China?

Table 7: Top Five telecom equipment makers 15 years ago.

Rank Company Country of origin Revenue (mn US$) 2003
1 Qualcomm USA 2,398
2 NVIDIA USA 1,716
3 Broadcom USA 1,610
4 ATI Technologies Canada 1,401
5 Xilinx USA 1,300

Table 8: Top IC chip makers today.

Name HQ country
Samsung South Korea
Intel USA
Micron USA
TSMC * Taiwan
Qualcomm USA
Broadcom USA
SK Hynix South Korea
Texas Instruments (TI) USA
Analog Devices USA
Toshiba Japan

* Company doesn’t design but only make chips for anyone, on contract, and are called pure-play foundries.

Apple (with custom-made chips by TSMC & Samsung is ranked #15) USA

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K. The Computer as US Security Interests

Diagram 1

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Diagram 2

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Fall of US Computer Empire

The atom bomb is the direct product of physical science laboratory experiments by the conversion of energy, from one type to another, through a method of breaking apart, or fissioning, a nuclei in certain atoms or by fusing the same. The latter produces the fusion result in the hydrogen nuclear bomb.

Notebooks and smartphones, on the other hand, are pure products of electrical engineering, not science. Their computing functions have nothing to do with behavior states of matter or particles that are observable with instruments and, after which, you could manipulate to obtain certain desired results. Instead, through manual trial and error — as opposed to development from theory — information or data transfer was obtained primarily through an electrical network, the transistor being the ubiquitous and indispensable component. A typical smartphone today has 1-3 billion transistors inside its IC core chip, one transistor storing information which is measurable as a bit, coded as as ‘0,1’ 1 when the transistor is switch on, 0 when off.

Look under the phone cover and you see complexity but that is not complexity of science but rather miniaturization, that is, by the manufacturing ability to squeeze 10 to 50 billion transistors into a chip (Diagram 1). Miniaturization meant that the transistors and the spaces between them have to be reduced to nanometer sizes, 10nm is current (one nm is 1 billionth of a meter), with 7 nm and 5 nm chips being rolled out (Diagram 2).

At that size, the chip’s components are approaching molecule scale, still smaller we come to atomic size and beyond that the quantum particle (Diagram 5). At present, transistors are the size blood cells (Diagram 6). The pivotal idea in miniaturization is to, within a finite space, get as much ‘processing speeds’, measured in mHz, at the quickest possible time from marginal increases in electrical energy input. Electronic scaling up is necessary because how else do you pile notebook capability, MP3, camera, TV, a file cabinet storage into a 1960 talking thing called a phone?

But certain things are observed to happen as chips approach miniature scale.

  • One, double the number of transistors, you don’t necessary double the capacity. Already clock (or processing) mHz speeds have been observed to stop increasing (Diagram 7).
  • Two, quantum tunneling, the underlying physics into why phones are required to switched off when a plane is taking off or landing. This is the phenomenon in which particle energy tunnels pass its natural physical barrier made possible because all matter at quantum level are alike, electrons, photons and quarks, and behave alike as if they are waves as opposed to billiard balls shooting off in a linear fashion. This ability to get pass barriers is akin to teleporting, the stuff of sci-fi in which objects pass a wall, except that it won’t necessarily appear whole on the other side. The smaller transistors get to, the closer they are packed together, the greater is this leakage, a part of a process called entropy. (Diagram 3)
  • Three, and this a potentially serious problem: heat accumulation, the sort of thing one reads about hand phones exploding and catching fire. (Diagram 4)

All the above reveals something fundamental has happened to the engineering of transistors-into-chips and chips-into-computers, an information technology that was launched and so far monopolized by the US. And it is this: Classical computers have reached their dead-end path, not even if Intel switches its chip’s base conductivity material from silicon to germanium. Moore’s Law isn’t an unchanging ‘law’ and, hence, can’t keep going for the reason the laws of nature are far, far greater than it.

Enter now the science of quantum particle physics to take over from engineering.

Diagram 3

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Diagram 4

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Diagram 5

Image result for Christopher Monroe moore law

Note to diagram above: By ‘bottom’, Feynman (US theoretical physicist, 1918-1988 ) refers to space at subatomic level where electron and proton spin around a neutron. Think of this structure as the solar system, the neutron being the sun from which radiate infinite space between it and the earth, with even more to spare between planets.

Diagram 6

Diagram 7

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L. The Business of Quantum Physics

Wu Wei Nature of Quantum Computing

Perhaps the best thing to happen in computing is, counting: its ability to bundle information and then to count that information. Or, technically, the conversion of analogue to digital, or from word and image representation to data, from mere word logic to mathematical language, from word description to algorithms. Those are the necessary tools in the starting point of the experimental sciences.

In physics, the precision of mathematics would be a requisite to demonstrate why something works or why it doesn’t work. There is a saying in the physical sciences, unless something is quantifiable, it is just nonsense.

Take Moore’s Law which in 1965 suggests that for every sq inch of integrated circuits, the number of transistors contained therein would roughly double every two years. This has the appearance of truth because companies like Intel were doing exactly that. But a ‘law’, for it to be law, must be standalone, independently true, under all circumstances and unchanging over time.

But this so-called law is fundamentally anti-nature. It violates law of entropy (decay, chaos, disorder in the vernacular) by attempting to draw more benefits (or energy or electrical processing power) out of a given, fixed closed system (the chip) that nature wouldn’t otherwise permit. Entropy in such a system always increases. Which is why things, excited by a jolt of electricity or heat, are stirred out of their inert (or ‘hibernating’) state and descend into disorder and decay twice as fast and butter unfrozen has a very short shelf life.

If Moore’s Law were true — and workable — quantum computing won’t be needed.

As recent as 20 years ago, few self-respecting physicists would even tinker with a computer. In universities it is consigned to the engineering department. Even after Feyman lead the way to seriously think about the physics of the computer, 50 years would lapse before the idea of quantum computing entered the physics department. The resulting investigation is profound: doing away with the transistors by replacing its basic idea of converting a jolt of electricity into 0,1 bits of information with the (say, an ion) electron to produce the same 0,1 bit results but — this is the key — infinitely far better. (Diagram 8)

This is an entirely new paradigm in computing, and not a new generation of computers for that would be a false statement. (Diagram 8-11 and notes in between.) Graphically, the depth and breadth of difference between classical computing, represented by an era before the bicycle, and quantum computing at the right hand side tip corner orange of the orange box. Present computing would be the equivalent speed of an era of bicycle and, in size, its 7 or 5 nm transistors are still bigger than zero. (Diagram 8)

Diagram 8

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Diagram 9

Image result for unique configurations around a table quantum computing

considered a ‘new state of matter’ that is an unusual phand antimony telluridediscovering a thing called the topological insulator in which conduct electricity

moves entirely in another plane and universe, depending on who comes out with what

 

 

Diagrams 10

Old transistor.

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What is bit, and a qubit?

Instead of an off/on state in classical computing — the equivalent of 0,1 bits of information — quantum computer looks at ‘superpositioning’ which, by analogy, is the dimmer switch (above) though inaccurate.

The dimmer switch ability is to control between ‘on’ and ‘off’. But, quantum physics produces information bits at both 0,1 at the same time, with the mathematical ability to quantify this 0,1 simultaneity, as well as everything in between. The result of the ability is the qubit, reproduced in a single equation below.

Embedded in that equation is this: how many possible outcomes can I produce out of a single event. The answer is, exponential.

Think of it this way: In a table that for ten people, how many ways are there to configure them in the same table. Answer: 10! = to 3,628,800. Convert person to atom, then add one more atom to make 11 atoms, the answer is the factor of 11! equal to.s 39,916,800. It is this exponential growth that makes the quantum chip completely unlike classical computers, given in Diagram 13 farther below.

Diagram 11

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Diagram 12

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Quantum Computing

Above, left side, 1 is on, 0 is off. Quantum computer doesn’t produce 0,1 bits of information. It produces both — at the same time, or separate — and everything in between. The heart of this problem is, therefore, controlling the electron, typically with a magnetic field.

The  vacuum-tube triode (photo above) that is precursor of the transistor, numbering 10 million pieces in a CPU today, is a century-old. Up to a point the transistor worked, even in an electronic, mathematical device. Then it stops.

Helpful to see how Intel, in particular, is endlessly jiggling with the CPU construction (multi-CPU cores; CPU architecture remapping; making wires smaller, down to 5 nm size; heat diffusion; replacing silicon with gallium), but fails to confront the fundamental problem in engineering computers: The transistor is a Newtonian mechanical device made to work in Einstein relativity space.

A qubit can be a patch of superconducting metal that can be electrically charged to encode 1, uncharged to encode 0, or both charged and uncharged at the same time. Trapped ions, which can spin in opposite directions or both ways at once, can also serve as qubits. With their two-ways-at once capability, just 300 qubits could simultaneously encode more numbers than there are atoms in the observable universe.

There are several ways to produce qubit information that is the building block of computer processing: (a) yanking some ions out of a molecule, say geranium, then trap them (b) zapping a super conductivity material to produce

Diagram 13

Image result for A Beginner’s Guide to Quantum Computing superposition

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M. How a Scientist Threatens the US

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When is a Physicist a Spy?

The implications in this shift from bicycle technology to applied physics are profound in their implications between China and the West 10, 20 years later: (a) all companies relying on classical computing, including Intel and Apple, would be irrelevant, (b) there is nothing to steal and all theft, if any that had taken place, would be useless, (c) technology diffusion would be rendered pointless because quantum field applications are created not in Silicon Valleys nor Shenzhen factory workshops but in laboratories, anywhere from Wuhan to Lithuania.

Enter Zhang Shoucheng.

A scientist is a scientist and is rarely the image of a bloated American cigar-chewing businessman. Tech companies as Nvidia and AMD hired electrical engineers like 黃仁勳 Jen-Hsun “Jensen” Huang who became Nvidia’s CEO. They also did something else, spending a lot on laboratories filled with electrical engineers. This research grew out of necessity. A big leap in product improvements in a highly competitive and profitable business needed deep, original research as opposed to the conventional mode of simply altering the outward, superficial designs, or tinkering with some internal components in pistons and steel to improve the internal combustion in car engines.

Zhang was initially trained in China (Fudan University, at age 15) as a electrical engineer. Theoretical physics interested him while in Germany, finishing post graduate physics (supergravity and condensed matter) in New York then moved to concurrently to research and teach electrical engineering and applied physics in Stanford. He made his name around 2010-2011 from observing that in some materials (antimony, bismuth, tellurium and usually combinations thereof) a contradictory phenomenon takes place simultaneously, that is electrons, while still spinning like a top, move along the edges of its natural barrier. Away from the edges, electrons behave at it is expected, still conducting electricity. This unusual behavior of the electrons is called a topological state (topological as in topography), the material giving rise to it topological insulator. Better than earning him numerous international awards, the discovery arrived at a crucial time: quantum computing took off. His chief contribution to this topological state in some materials were two-fold: (a) discovering a natural heat insulator with simultaneous, superconductivity properties, and (b) an ability to manipulate or control an electron, which is the starting point in quantum computing. But, more research was needed to get commercial applications out of his discovery or, at the least, aspects of the discovery.

After 2013, he created Danhua Capital, much of it funded by the Beijing municipal government company called Zhongguancun Development Group (ZDG), a company that is a part of a long-term strategic plan called Made-in-China 2025 to turn China technologically self-sufficient and independent in computing, bio-science, and the like. He also accepted senior positions in Lenovo and Meitu, a listed company making smartphones and selfie apps, based in Xiamen, Fujian, not far from Jinhua Integrated Circuit Co, chip maker, whose machine supplier ASML was set on fire. Zhang divided his time between the US and China, one of the few American Chinese scientist dedicated personally, professionally, and financially to apply the physics of quantum computing in his personal interests in artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things (Diagram 14). The merging of these three things were centered on one thing: the smartphone (Diagram 15).

More than that, he was combining quantum physics with computing engineering to bring out finance, essentially a new mode of borderless financial transaction — all without using the US dollar.

At the time of these activities, the FBI picked on and opened an investigation into Danhua Capital accusing Zhang’s company of technology espionage, serving China’s government, and calling it a threat to American “national security interest.” His last known activity was meeting with Meng Wanzhou in Hong Kong.

Both left the same day, November 30, on different flights, Zhang to San Francisco, Meng to Vancouver. While Zhang was abducted and held in detention the next day, Zhang was found dead at the foot of a high commercial block near his San Mateo home in California. The circumstances surrounding his death, a killing actually, remained suppressed by the US authorities — no report on autopsy, if done, was made public — while his wife, an IBM software engineer, simply dismissed inquiries from Stanford colleagues in one word, and only one: ‘depression’. (See chronology, above.)

Another Chinese, this time a physicist, dead because he is Chinese, insisted on devoting his career and professional life to help his countrymen and China. (See clips in Appendices.)

Diagram 14

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Diagram 15

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APPENDICES

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I. Racism in the Super Collider

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The LHC near Geneva

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One hundred and seventy-five meters underground near Geneva at the border of France and Switerland is a particle accelerator, officially known as the Large Hadron Collider. After ten years, US$4.4 bn, shared by various countries, the collaboration of 10,000 scientists and hundreds of universities worldwide, LHC was completed in 2008. Running through a ring that’s 27 km in circumference, super-high energy intensity beams are to collide hydrogen ions. In this way, the experiment machine is used to test the veracity of some equations (Higgs boson, for example) and see what particles might come off the collision, particles that were hypothesize in the Standard Model, otherwise known as the Theory of Everything (below). The collider is today offline, needs an upgrade and in governments were reluctant to pay for what is, after all, only a theory with no necessary tangible nor commercial benefits.

The physicist community suggested a even larger collider, officially known as the Circular Electron Positron Collider (CEPC). Without western government commitments, China in 2013 stepped in, offering to build a successor US$10 billion super collider in Qinhuangdao, Hebei, where the Great Wall starts (and next door where I live), all costs borne by China. It would be five times bigger, 20 km in diameter, 100 km in circumference, under the grape fields near the coast. What was the first public response in the Anglophone world? Spit at the Chinese.

Spit because, one, they say CEPC would tamper with their Christian beliefs and rip apart the earth. Yes, rip. Two, ideological morality: no scientific testing equipment should be placed in an ‘evil empire‘. Even so, China promised to keep its word after the physicists had agreed on the design and plan, even bringing forward the construction start to 2020 for completion in 2025. “This is a machine for the world and by the world, not a Chinese one,” said Chinese university spokesman. But here is the third problem, says the Nature magazine:

“If we organize a conference in China, people from US universities can come freely…. Going the other way, it’s very hard for Chinese scientists to get an invitation letter to those laboratories in the United States.”

American racism gone berserk today targets not just businesses and computer researchers but also extend to the the physics department in any Chinese university. The official and the Washington Post compliant reason? Answer, technology espionage, probably, and because America owns the planet and everything in it, even the theories.

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II. Theory of Everything

Quantum Computing from the Final Equation

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The above equation was put up by UK theoretical physicist David Tong. It is the Theory of Everything, in which a single equation wraps up all the various theoretical components of physics, aggregating them into a single field theory, in which particles don’t act like particles like 1 electron and 2 quarks because smaller than those are instead simply fluid-like motions, in ways like the magnetic field below, but endlessly sloshing around in complete chaos but in a pattern to produce particles that form atomic matter and give rise, in turn, to everything.

Quantum computing merely looks at one part of that equation, an electron spinning on an axis.

On earth.

Image result for field theory

Above and below: any similarities?

yinyang

III. Quantum Computer Uses

The Traveling Salesman Dilemma

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What quantum computing can do, your desktop can’t?

Question: Plan a complete round trip through, say, 10 cities in Germany above, to obtain the shortest tour possible. With two or three cities, Google easily gives the answer. With 10, quantum computing can trace 181.44 possible routes then establish one is optimal. Imagine what this can do in artificial intelligence, particularly self-drive cars.

The same idea lies behind the simulate molecular patterns such as facial recognition and especially in making efficient drugs. Drug efficacy is still near impossible because at atomic levels, electrons keep shifting position, others are unstable, and even others keeping bouncing off one another. At a university lab, and with present computing simulation standards, the attempt to create different possible states of iron sulfide produced only three outcomes (below) when billions are possible.

Zhang was into this sort of quantum simulation: input all the parameters (atomic numbers etc.) to construct a Periodic Table and out came an identical table as we see in chemistry textbooks.

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It isn’t just the scale of computing but calculation time is important. Exponential ability from qubit computing means alot. With, say, a computer or an ATM password with a six digits, which has only one right answer out of several trillion possible outcomes, I can crack the answer in a few minutes.

Image result for cracking six digit password code Quantum Computing solve

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IV. How 0,1 information bits work

 

Answer: Algorithms

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A pure silicon crystal, called an ingot.

Above, pure silicon block. Present computers rely on a super-thin layer of silicon which, if you were to give it a shot of electricity then controlling

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V. Uses of IC chips

https://i2.wp.com/scientifist.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Moores-Law.jpg

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VI. How a quantum chip might looks like?

prettytrap

https://3c1703fe8d.site.internapcdn.net/newman/gfx/news/hires/2012/scalabledevi.jpg

Separating two ions from a common potential well to two different ones is a fundamental building block for scalable quantum information with trapped ions. Below, how a quantum computer CPU might look like, ostensibly.

Picture 2 above: Trapped ion inside the single tube like thing, no larger than the size of a small toothpick.

Germany’s Johannes Gutenberg Universität Mainz near Frankfurt is one of the leaders in developing commercial feasible and scalable quantum chip. Also, see Science magazine on trapping ions for quantum. Below, the university’s quantum team.

https://www.quantenbit.physik.uni-mainz.de/files/2018/06/Gruppenfoto.jpg

https://i2.wp.com/cdn.static-economist.com/sites/default/files/external/tq2017/charts/20170311_01_DESKTOP.png

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VII Security & Environment

If Huawei is a spy, what about these?

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Steam carries heat away from Google’s data centre in The Dalles, Oregon.

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VII A Word on AI

https://www.nature.com/polopoly_fs/7.13495.1383568372!/image/Brain-chip.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_630/Brain-chip.jpg

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VIII 张首晟

In memory of Zhang Shoucheng

https://assets-stash.oss-cn-shanghai.aliyuncs.com/forum/201811/22/155435qceqqloc48x2l845.jpg

2014创业邦年会 主题演讲 :硅谷的创新与天使投资 张首晟 斯坦福大学教授,丹华资本董事长,Benjamin Franklin勋章得主

2014 November, Santa Clara, CA

April 2017 MIT

April 2017 Talk at Caixin Media, Shanghai

Feb 2018

March 2018. Interview with Nobel laureate Frank Wilczek, Stanford University

April 2018 At Google

Dec 2018, Subject of FBI Investigation

The theme of the talk above.

The two Meng Wanzhou and Zhang Shoucheng are the human, intellectual and commercial flowerings, the fruits, of Chinese cultivation, our culture and our society. They know it as well. The progress of our society and our peoples depended on them. One is now dead and the other is abducted. The government of China must not disappoint our society and save the only other who is still alive. They are our future. We must rescue them!

Moral of his story: It is a dangerous world outside China. Many are jealous of us. So that China’s Open Door reform has this perverse outcome: The problems of change and reform isn’t within China but outside it.

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IX A Word on ASML

https://ocbj.media.clients.ellingtoncms.com/img/photos/2017/07/25/ASML_t670.jpg?b3f6a5d7692ccc373d56e40cf708e3fa67d9af9d
ASML makes the machines that make the IC chips, via a process parallel to the printing process known as lithography. Inside ASML: Where the entire computer world is waiting for the commercial development of the superfast semiconductor transistor, which stores less heat, produces denser, more efficient electronic signals, amplifies them faster — in effect the production of the supercomputer with applications in the cellphone, notebooks and especially this — artificial intelligence. Then ASML was burned down on December 1.
ASML factory and offices in Veldhoven, Holland engulfed in flames, night of Dec 1, 2018. Below inside ASML.
Related image
Related image

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LAST WORD

John Pilger has argued convincingly that the US anti-China policy began around 2009 when Hillary Clinton was Secretary of State.

I believe it began much, much earlier — the 19th Century — with its white racism, Anglo-Saxon extermination of its native populations, its collaboration with UK in the invasion of China, the Opium wars and Boxer Rebellion, 1830-1939, its domestic Chinese Exclusion Act, its slavery of Africans, again Japanese (WWII), against Central Americans, and now back to Chinese, the Canadian treatment of native, Australia, and on and on and on.

White inhumanity has no limits. Everywhere they went, even among themselves, they destroy and, in the forefront of that in the 20th and 21st Century, the media is its drum beater from the BBC to The New York Times and everything in between such as Malaysiakini (on behalf of Pakatan Harapan American liberalism).

[ end of post ]

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Xenophobic and racist Anglophile First

A case in point…

Pendatang! Balik Cina — Again — But Spoken in English

Anglophile First: See why a DAP Malaysia is going to be a fucked-up country, like is PAP Singapore.

The source of that man’s attitude (in the clip above) — berating, bullying, moralizing, inhumane, irrational — isn’t rooted in law nor in state policies but in his culture and value system that the Singaporean motherfucker had imported then raised to accept without question. He isn’t the first, of course (see below), and won’t be the last.

DAP Malaysia actively promotes this sort of thinking, values and culture: Malaysian First, which is anti-Malay, anti-Chinese, anti-natives because, in Hannah Yeoh’s words, we have ‘no class‘. And we Chinese have been getting it from them, whether in Malaysia or Singapore. Such are the beginnings of fascism.

But we Chinese, China, will get even; we always do. Besides, it’s in the Nature of things….

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https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/a1/FitzpatrickChe.jpg/170px-FitzpatrickChe.jpg

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d0/KordaFilmRollChe.jpg

The world’s most potent revolutionary and anarchist propaganda — and highly deceptive, too. Yet Che Guevara is not even Cuban, he is Irish descent, his father surname Lynch being from the Cork, and Che himself living a while in Limerick. The Che poster had come from one of the two frames immediately above and note who preceded Castro and Che? Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/f3/LeiFeng.poster.jpg

Hannah Savior Yeoh and Chairman Commie Lim

In February 1970 16-year-old Zhang Hongbing slipped a note under an officer’s door in his Anhui village, accusing his mother of criticizing the Cultural Revolution and Mao Zedong. After which, the mother was bound, dragged out, beaten then executed. In 2016, Zhang, 72 by then, wrote and published the same account in his blog to explain her death and his betrayal: “I want to make people in China to think.”

If you are wondering about the relationship in the above image and the one below, it’s this: they carry the same propaganda.

In Harapan, DAP people in particular, so skilled in lying and deception, fought, lived by and had thrived on propaganda: they had won GE14 on propaganda and now rule by propaganda.

Everything else, such as the police and MACC raids, exist purely to explain and to justify the propaganda message: they are Saviors. They had even converted a 12-year-old named Ervin Devadasan to their cause, Ervin being as classic as Anglophile like is Shay Adora Ram.

And here’s the thing: Having ‘rescued’, ‘saved’ the country, the DAP (and Pakatan) will feel justified to drive and to own it. On that plank, when propaganda turns to action and because of a Malay backlash, the result will convulse the country.

Wait till Umno and PAS get their act together….

We haven’t yet the seen the backs of racism that the DAP itself practises in its inverted form: the Anglophile and the Jesus Christ supremacy inside them.

For 60 years or more, all government propaganda messages rested on situating a Malay, usually some Umno crony, as an exemplar of the penultimate Malaysian character, quality and patriotism; that person is never, for example, a Chinese. (Recall Mahathir’s towering Malays?) Today, on the same pivotal position, the ultimate, devoted Malaysian carries a name like Ervin, black skin, white inside, all white, like Shay Adora is white, like Hannah Yeoh, like Joseph Lim Guan Eng, like Lisa Ng and Sheridan Mahavera.

Shay Adora’s turn will come; she is still growing up.

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What’s Wrong with the Pakatan Government?

The question above is found in the answers to the following questions:

  • What lays at the root of the decision by DAP Minister Kulasegaran to want to deport all the foreign cooks? Why did he stop at cooks only?
  • What’s to be gained by Hannah Yeoh using — no, exploiting  — a kid, lifting him onto a national pedestal, identical in the way she exploited her 6-day-old daughter to claim a non-existent ethnic root?
  • Why did Mahathir claim that Malaysia has too much debt, 1 trillion too much, then turns around to say the country needed to borrow from Japan, justifying, at the same time, to keep giving fish to fishermen?
  • Why did Mahathir, Lim Guan Eng et al keep lying about the one trillion ringgit?
  • What motivates Jagdeep Singh to wall up migrant workers in Penang into designated areas only, in essence, a policy identical to Nazi policy towards Jews and the Chinese Exclusion Act in the US?

In all the questions, above, Malaysian nationalism is the central plank. In power now, they crank up that message.

Pakatan’s entire propaganda efforts would leave and demand this choice from the Malays: either you are Malay or Malaysian. And if you are Malay you can’t be true Malaysian. Or, if you are true Malaysian, you can’t be Malay.

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Anglophieng Revisited

Here, you’ve an Anglophile, with an Aussie diploma, who once counted beans for a living, so listen to him, in Malay, trying to make sense of truth and reality.

A Spade is a Spade when Guan Eng says it is

Guan Eng [in translation] within 50 seconds can go from claim (in italics, bold and parenthesized, below) to fact to contradiction then to contrary-claim and back to contradiction, onward to repeating false equivalence, after which, if you were to sum them up has only one noun-adjectival word. It is call a lie:

… The debt position of the federal government is an amount exceeding 1 trillion ringgit (claim). Obviously, Moody’s saying that the federal government debt at this point is 687 billion (fact). True, we don’t dispute that (first contradiction). But we estimate that the savings (contrary-claim) of the federal government from debts (second contradiction) … For example, the case of 1MDB (false equivalence in an example)….

Small wonder, Malaysia is so fucked up, sucking up to Mahathir, Guan Eng, et al. And reporters, Malaysiakini in particular, see nothing wrong with that statement… and so continue day-in, day-out to troll out trash and those motherfuckers proclaiming them as saviors and gods (the same thing they say for 2,000 years about that other fucker named Jesus Motherfucking Christ). It is his ‘right’, they’d say. It’s transparency, accountability, they’d say.

Also note the man to his left smirking, and who, once in the business pages, would hail him as a successful, clever man all because he’s got more money than you.


The Truth of the Matter

Lim Guan Eng (and Mahathir Mohamad) get away with what they say by the mere act of repetition, which is the cliche excuse given to lies by Malaysiakini. But how does repetition turn a lie into truth?

It can’t. No, rather, lies become lies after first accruing some certainty: it must, those motherfucking editors say to us, contain a germ of truth. Thus, on this germ, grows a kernel of impenetrability so nobody truly understands what it is, in the end, Guan Eng is saying about the ‘debt’.

This is where economics come in. Without, first, the comprehending the economics contain in the statement — the government debt is now 1 trillion — how could Malaysiakini tell if Guan Eng is telling it right? But to get to the bottom of the matter, for the economics to be explained, 1 trillion cannot be done without the tables, graphs and especially the mathematics.

It would be like talking your way through a painting without ever showing the water-color painting, photo above: try imaging it purely with words. You’d be wrong ten times out of ten.

(Truth? It is the cover of a new book Acts of Infidelity, Picador, by Sweden’s Lena Andersson who tells of a respectable playwright (Andersson herself is a novelist) entering into a relationship that’s today called a mistress. To pour scorn on the Chinese as low-class, Anglophiles and moral motherfuckers like Hannah Yeoh call the mistress, a concubine. Andersson wanted an answer to the question, once the sex is taken out, satisfied, what is a lover for in this age?)

In the remaining part of this post, talking of 1 trillion, financial economics and analytic logic are used, generously.

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Why do the Fuckers keep lying about the Trillion?

Begin with Anil Netto, a quack economist:

“The federal government’s domestic debt has soared from RM217bn in 2006 to RM438bn in 2011.”

Notice the word, ‘soared’. After which he goes on, dousing petrol into the ‘soaring’ debt numbers:

“The government, however, says nothing to worry, the total federal government debt is only 53.5 per cent of GDP, still below the critical threshold of 55 per cent. But see how even that ratio has been rising over the years.”

After which, he reproduced the graph below:

https://i0.wp.com/anilnetto.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Msian-govt-debt-to-GDP.gif?resize=470%2C215

What’s wrong with it?

For the answer, see the next graph below, taken from some birdy named Hornbill who, though, is less hostile to Najib (pay attention to the green line, at 60 to 100% of GDP that ran for half of Mahathir’s era):

https://hornbillunleashed.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/malaysian-debt-to-gdp1.jpg?w=646&h=393

Both charts are factual, but none is true. Not true because debt and GDP are apple and orange comparisons.

Total federal government debt is total stock of monies owed by Putrajaya whereas GDP is not a stock concept but a flow — how many stalks of rice ripened yesterday and harvested, chapatis made and eaten tomorrow — hence, GDP changes by the minute.

Debt-to-GDP is hardly the stuff of economics, it is not even worth discussing, but it is useful for rating agencies (Moody’s etc) and central banks as a measure (notice the word, ‘a’) of the government’s ability to pay. But, in the hands of motherfuckers like Lim Guan Eng and Mahathir Mohamad, they’d use it to decide if Malaysia is going to be ‘bankrupt’.

In corporate or stock market terms, debt level is called ‘leverage’ or ‘gearing’. Hence, debt-to-income ratio is a company’s ability to pay for every dollar earned over a period. In an indirect way, the ratio measures how much money could be earned for every dollar borrowed, though those earnings won’t come three, five years later when a factory, paid with a bank loan today, is completed and therefore could start to produce goods after which they are sold (insyaallah) and earn money to repay the loan. Hopefully, net of these repayments, there is leftover as profit.

Exactly the same is the debt-to-GDP concept, measured sometimes in percentage terms, and mostly as multiple (or fraction) of the other. At a macroeconomic level, however, the ratio is almost useless because, unlike corporate, the government can print money.

Still, we’ll talk about it here because of morons like Anil Netto, since joined by the Lady of the Valley (who can bear to see a graph, which gives her a kepala spin), each of them, one piling on top of the other in a doomsday propaganda started by Mahathir, now spread by Malaysiakini and Stevie ‘Wonder’ Gan.

Now, look at the Japan numbers:

https://tradingeconomics.com/charts/facebook.png?url=/japan/government-debt-to-gdp

Holy Jesus shit…! 200%, then 250.

These are numbers that Gan, to serve the propaganda, won’t show. This is because the graph demonstrates two things:

  • (a) you don’t need Moody’s to tell you Mahathir is spreading lies,
  • (b) that the ratio in Malaysia doesn’t really, really, really matter.

So long as you afford to repay, who cares if it is 1000% of GDP. And if you have no money to repay then print money or sell bonds. In Japan, they print yen; in US dollars.

Here then we arrive at the crux of the matter in Mahathir’s lies:

  • what’s debt; (Which seems like a redundant question till you learn about its economics.)
  • is a government guarantee given on a loan a debt;
  • the differences between federal, national, and household debt; and
  • does it matter in distinguishing different kinds of debt, or debt that’s external or domestic.

We’ll deal with them together but in random order — the end result from our quest is still the same.

Related image

Because Mahathir and Pakatan tied up government debt with bankruptcy (this stupidity came from the other motherfucker named Lim Kit Siang), quickly scan through the column headings above: debt is broken into external and domestic.

This is big deal because money owed to, say, Japan is different from owing Maybank. Owing Maybank, the government has the power to print ringgit to settle its debt. Owing Japan, it can’t print yen. Malaysia has to earn yen to pay back yen. So, how to get hold of yen? In that situation, Bank Negara comes in.

In other words, ringgit debt won’t bankrupt Malaysia but foreign debt will. Many Latin America in the 1980s, (see Chile, table above), Philippines in the 1990s, Greece and Iceland in 2000s, defaulted on their debt.

Most of those debt — and this is point of departure in discussing debt — were owed by the government (see Greece, below) not by individuals and companies. What is the federal government external debt today? Answer: Around 200 bn out of 687 bn, that is, under 20% of GDP. In comparison Bank Negara’s international reserves is more than 400 bn.

https://image.slidesharecdn.com/u7pyx4wjrxskup0ncw5f-signature-a0b6d81867a40269870504687385440a4a803b0576456d478aa880c5bf0c5f28-poli-150403042146-conversion-gate01/95/comparative-analysis-of-debt-market-in-hungary-greece-latvia-italy-and-iceland-1-32-638.jpg?cb=1428035022

If by breaking down the concept of debt, the federal government’s position isn’t in dire straits, why then did the motherfuckers Mahathir/Guan Eng keep drumming it up?

To answer that question, first resolve: Is it 1 trillion or 686 bn?

(This segment to be continued…)

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Letters from a Stoic

There are more things … likely to frighten us than there are to crush us; we suffer more often in imagination than in reality.

https://i2.wp.com/www.brainpickings.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/thinslicesofanxiety10.jpg?resize=768%2C513&ssl=1

https://i0.wp.com/www.brainpickings.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/seneca-3.jpg?resize=768%2C678&ssl=1

From the Daoist Seneca

It is likely that some troubles will befall us; but it is not a present fact. How often has the unexpected happened! How often has the expected never come to pass! And even though it is ordained to be, what does it avail to run out to meet your suffering? You will suffer soon enough, when it arrives; so look forward meanwhile to better things. What shall you gain by doing this? Time. There will be many happenings meanwhile which will serve to postpone, or end, or pass on to another person, the trials which are near or even in your very presence. A fire has opened the way to flight. Men have been let down softly by a catastrophe. Sometimes the sword has been checked even at the victim’s throat. Men have survived their own executioners. Even bad fortune is fickle. Perhaps it will come, perhaps not; in the meantime it is not. So look forward to better things.

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Not-so-impenetrable Joycean Speak

Ulysses:

the day I got him to propose to me . . . first I gave him the bit of seedcake out of my mouth… he said I was a flower of the mountain… yes so we are flowers all a womans body yes that was one true thing he said in his life and the sun shines for you today yes that was why I liked him because I saw he understood or felt what a woman is and I knew I could always get round him and I gave him all the pleasure I could leading him on till he asked me to say yes and I wouldn’t answer first only looked out over the sea and the sky. . .

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Un-Joyce

Those who are to be judges, must also be performers (i.e artists.) Those who are to perform, should judge less. — Adapted from Aristotle, in Politics

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One of the finest films to come out of the Chinese society, arts, consciousness and our humanity. Accept it as true because it is.

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Although it is polling day, this has to be said…

Fiscal Reform? That’s bullshit

When Pakatan Harapan issued its fiscal policy at the 11th hour of polls, it didn’t give enough time for scrutiny.

But scrutiny was easy. Pakatan’s policy showed that its politicians know nuts about financial economics (I see Wong Chen’s hand in it, a sweet talking lawyer believing he is some top Malaysian economist). Here is to teach those deceitful motherfuckers real world, fundamental economics as a father would teach a child in the letter below:

Under privatization, Mahathir became the world top crony

My dear Daughter,

As you grow up and experience more of the ups and downs of the economy, you will notice a piece of mindbending hypocrisy: during the good times, bankers, entrepreneurs—rich people in general—tend to be against government. They criticize it as a “brake on development,” a “parasite” feeding on the private sector through taxation, an “enemy of freedom and entrepreneurship.” The cleverer among them even go so far as to deny that government has any moral right, or duty, to serve society, by claiming that “there is no such thing as society—there are just individuals and families,” or “society is not well defined enough for the state to be able to serve it.” And yet, when a crash occurs that is brought on by their actions, those who have delivered the fieriest of speeches vehemently opposing substantial government intervention in the economy suddenly demand the state’s aid. “Where is the government when we need it?” they yelp.

One of the most prevalent arguments they make against the state is that wealth is produced individually, by heroic individuals. Taxation is therefore seen as an unjustifiable confiscation of what is rightfully theirs. Nothing could be further from the truth. To see this, let’s go back to the beginning of market societies for a moment—to the time when the serfs were being kicked off their ancestral lands.

How do you think the landowners managed to get rid of the serfs so efficiently? The answer is: with the help of the state. The king and his government lent the landowners a hand, sending their soldiers in to put down any rebellion by the peasants. And how do you think the new order, underpinning market society, was maintained? How were the majority living under conditions of abject dehumanization in the slums of Manchester, Birmingham, and London kept under control when a few streets away the minority lived in the lap of luxury? To put it simply, private wealth was built and then maintained on the back of state-sponsored violence.

In fact, it is not just the state that provides the conditions for wealth creation. If you think about it, all wealth has always been produced collectively—through recycling and through a gradual accumulation of knowledge. Workers need entrepreneurs to hire them, who need workers to buy their goods. Entrepreneurs need bankers to lend to them, who need entrepreneurs to pay interest. Bankers need governments to protect them, who need bankers to fuel the economy. Inventors cannibalize the inventions of others and plagiarize the ideas of scientists. The economy relies on everyone.

While consistently demanding that the state continue to provide the conditions in which their wealth can grow, every time the high and mighty have received the bill for the state’s services from the tax office, they have grunted, moaned, whinged, and protested. And since the powerful have great in influence over the state, this has led to a curious phenomenon: the taxes asked of them have always tended to be low in relation to the amount the state has actually spent, directly or indirectly, on their behalf. As for the workers, their wages have for most of history barely been sufficient to feed themselves and their children, so their taxes have never amounted to a sufficient sum either. So where has the additional money come from? The answer is: public debt. And who has provided the government with the requisite loans? The bankers, of course! And where have the bankers found the money? I hardly need tell you that they have conjured it from thin air. You can start to see how paying low taxes works doubly in the bankers’ favor.

Yet, watching television, listening to politicians worry themselves sick over the size of the national debt and making all sorts of promises to rein it in, you might be fooled into thinking that government debt—or public debt, as it is known—is an awful thing, something like the smallpox virus, in need of permanent eradication. The argument made by those who consider the state an obstacle to private business is that a government that spends beyond its means and can’t balance its books is heading for disaster. Don’t fall for that nonsense. While it is true that too much public debt can cause major headaches, too little is also a problem. Even Singapore, whose government is forced by law not to spend more than the money it receives in taxes, finds it essential to borrow money. Why? Because a market society’s bankers need public debt as surely as fish need water to swim in. Without public debt, market societies can’t work.

When the government borrows, say, $100 million from a banker for, say, a ten-year period, in return it provides the banker with a piece of paper, an IOU, by which it legally guarantees to repay the money in ten years’ time as well as pay an additional yearly amount to the banker in interest—say, $5 million a year. This IOU is called a bond, implying that the government is now bound for ten years to whoever possesses this piece of paper. Given that the rich refuse to cough up the kind of taxes that would make government borrowing unnecessary, the state issues bonds and “sells” them to banks and rich people in order to pay for the things that keep the whole show on the road: streets, hospitals, schools, police, and so on. By spending this money on its various projects—buying supplies, paying salaries—the government directly boosts the whole recycling process of the economy from which everyone benefits, including the banks.

But this is far from being the only reason that government bonds are useful to bankers. The one thing that bankers hate most is cash: money sitting around in their vaults or on their spreadsheet not being lent in return for interest. But as has hopefully become clear by now, banks become precarious and vulnerable if even a few depositors want their money back all at once. At that point bankers need to have access to something that they can sell in a jiffy so as to pay demanding depositors. Government bonds are perfect for this. To the extent that everyone trusts that the government will be true to its word, its bonds will always be in demand. Indeed, they are exceptional in this way—no other debt can be recycled quite as easily. This means that bankers love government bonds: not only is a bond a loan that earns a nice rate of interest very safely (so much so, in fact, that it can also be used as collateral for taking out further loans from other banks), but it can also be used as a commodity—a piece of property exactly like a painting or a vintage car that can be sold immediately if the banker is in urgent need of cash. Bonds are, in bankers’ parlance, “the most liquid of assets.” As such, they lubricate the banking system to keep its cogs and wheels turning.

In fact, in bad times, when bankers pick up the phone to the government and demand that the state’s central bank bail them out, it does so not just by creating new money, as we have already seen, but also by issuing even more bonds and using them to borrow more money from other bankers, often foreign ones, to pass on to the local bankers.

You can begin to see why public debt is something much, much more than ordinary debt. It is a manifestation of our market society’s power relations, the necessary response to the refusal of the rich to pay their share. It is also a shock absorber that allows accident-prone bankers to avoid many of the major mishaps that would otherwise occur in its absence. It is like an elastic band holding everything together, capable of stretching during the bad times to prevent the system from breaking.

….

The letter was written by Greece’s former finance minister Yanis Varoufakis, an economist by training. The title is mine.

 

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https://cdn1.i-scmp.com/sites/default/files/styles/220x137/public/images/methode/2018/01/23/b8f2d3e6-fffb-11e7-b181-443655c1d2b1_image_hires_144309.JPG?itok=PvUU6SCK

A severe cold spell has struck again. Tianjin for the past three days has not been higher than minus 7 degrees. I wonder if the bullet trains or planes will be delayed because Jian and I are to reunite in several days. Weather forecast says it will be minus 1 then.

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The clip above reveals the ignorance and stupidity of Malaiyoos in their worldview, their imagination and their narrative of the Chinese Communist Party, as if it were some sort of Umno-type political system. How stupid, these Malaiyoos, these Annie’s Assholes.

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Before going into, Why return to China — and then to stay — here’s some background. Start with Martin Jacques and the notion (not his though) of “civilization-state”. Understand that background and, after that, it’s easier to see why China matters to your life, which isn’t just for the fact that you are Chinese and China is our motherland.

Next, listen to what our compatriot Xi Jinping is saying. When China’s government says it serves the people, it isn’t an Umno political slogan. It’s an action plan: how to make China’s dream yours as well.

Now to outside China, the overseas Chinese.

China is seriously looking at bringing back the diaspora, and this isn’t just for ethnic and security reasons. If, once in China, you do nothing else but walk around your house the whole day, we don’t care. Fine, too, if you (Annie?) merely want to find a husband and only to serve his needs, in bed and out.

Those are reasons for returning to China. What’s needed, instead, is individual purpose. What would be your purpose?

What, on the other hand, is China’s purpose? China can only restore its old glory and become great again if its people, each of the 1.4 billion people inside and 70 million outside, have something to look forward to. In epistomological terms, a person is a constantly becoming being, constantly evolving. A nation is like that but more; it is the sum of the individual’s purpose.

How can China forsake its people if people are not to forsake themselves, their families, their friends?

We — China and us — are one and the same so that as individual characters evolve so, too, will the country. I am China and China becomes me. This is what it means to be Chinese. All that the state can do to help is to suggest a sort of guide not on the whys of living (that’s your problem and is self-evident) but how to live. A fisherman is not given fish but taught how to fish. Malays instead are given fish and BR1M. The Chinese rely on themselves and we know this way is permanent and, therefore, more fulfilling. Today, compatriot Xi Jinping would say, try it this way. Three thousand years ago, Laozi would say, think about it that way. Or, consider that other way, Confucius would later suggest.

We want our people to have a good life, says Xi. One person with a good life affects the people around him, starting with the family. This is what I, too, found: the people around me become better off, and they in turn affect those around them, and on and on in circular fashion looping back to my person.

So, what do you want to do with your life in China? Try technology. Try finance. Try anything. Stop believing and start unlearning the fairy tales of Anglophiles (people like the Lim father and son, people like Tony Pua and Ong Kian Ming; they have outdated thinking): that a person trained in accounting is best at being an accountant, that lawyers, doctors, engineers and politicians are the pinnacles of society, looked up to, and upon who everyone is dependent.

Those mamak Anglophiles named Syed Akbar Ali and Mahathir Mohamad say the same thing and, so, spits at people who wash toilets. But that’s garbage talk by infantile minds. Chinese culture never, never says this of other people who earn an honest living. Consequently, in China, academic certificates don’t count because education is not eventually about skills acquisition; it is about how best to live. Jack Ma started working life teaching in a village school. He evolved. Other than war and peace, Xi Jinping is also interested in public toilets — how to keep clean when, hourly, two hundred people use it. He is interested in android technology, not Apple computer nor iPhone because those are passe. That is, he is interested to apply technology on a scale beyond the phone call for the benefit of fellow Chinese.

Xi has been right. The results are showing (see clip, above). Chinese (not Anglophile) humanistic culture supports, favors, indeed calls for such an approach to life: an archer misses his shot, looks at himself and then ask, why?

To automate, you see, is human. To excel is intrinsically Chinese. Whereas Mahathir and Syed Akbar tell Malaiyoos to avoid washing toilets because it is a lowly job, Chinese culture encourages us to ask, how do we make the toilet visit worthwhile. See the difference in approaches, in thinking?

(Update: DAP MPs have the identical Syed Akbar, Anglophile notion that see jobs in terms of class. Looking after longkangs is not their job, one MP said to his PJ constituents who brought complaints to his office. The same Anglo cultural attitude inhabits other DAP people like Hannah Yeoh who denounces opponents in condescending terms of ‘low class’.)

Syed Akbar yada, yada away about thinking outside the box. We say, why the fuck have a box in the first place. After all the world, reality, people’s minds aren’t like that — boxes — inside-outside, believer-non believer, top-bottom, big shot-small shot, bumi-non bumi, low class-high class, evil-good and so on. All these make for an endless diabolical, dystopian, Jesus/Mohamedan claptrap. Chinese cultural approach to life is not linear nor dichotomous. Without boxes, there are no limits to our endeavor.

Come to China. There are still 40 million in poverty; help them because that helps us. Join us to make yourself great and make China and the Chinese great at the same time. Malaiyoos and Anglophiles need not apply; fuck off and stay in your Syed Akbar coconut tree boxes.

Below are for further examination into China’s transformation, evolution, rejuvenation; don’t miss the show:

1. ANDROID TECH. Lee Kai Fu versus Silicon Valley. From imitation to innovation: How China became a tech superpower.

https://wi-images.condecdn.net/image/L6exPY8JnOV/crop/900/f/wired_chinatech_owl.jpg

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2. DRIVERLESS TAXIS: The story of Jean Liu (below) and how she beat Uber.

https://wi-images.condecdn.net/image/5EjyJ06MP37/crop/1440/landscape/f/new03-18-ftdidi_01.jpg

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3. ENGINEERING & CONSTRUCTION:

That wasn’t the only Chinese engineering marvel.

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4. CRIME AND PUNISHMENT: Facial recognition in bio-technology.

Using facial recognition technology, police had picked up seven fugitives related to hit-and-run and human trafficking cases, plus 26 others for cases of identity fraud. These arrests were made with the use of the glasses at four entrances of a Chongqing railway station, according to cnrail.net, a website that covers China’s railway news.

The spectacles were designed for police use and are linked to a tablet device. After scanning the face of the passenger coming into the station, the device activates software to search faces in a database, looking for a match with suspects.

 

5. TOURISM CULTURE: Fenghuang below, built 2000 years ago, is a whole town drifting on a river. Then there is Guilin and Yangshuo, both updated and still stunning. Collectively, they and more, tells why my motherland China is such a great civilization.

Jian loves Fenghuang. She’s half Miao.



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[Continued from Part 1, Part 2]

The Case for Civilizations

A Response to the New Yorker

https://media.newyorker.com/photos/59b197320a52a80d35bc87dd/master/w_3000,c_limit/170918_r30523.jpg

New Yorker’s illustration of John Lanchester’s claim that, between a contest of two ways of life, even though they may be world’s apart, the hunter-gatherer tribe is to the modern (western), agricultural society superior — in some (moralistic) ways. Hence, the New Yorker’s rhetorical question: ‘Did our hunter-gatherer ancestors have it better?’ That question wasn’t just bad. Lanchester’s answer turned out to be utterly worse.

*

Imagine life in southern Africa’s Kalahari, your village hemmed in by stunted thickets, without leaves, beyond which the lions, hyenas, deer and baboons roam and maybe the gem of a pool of muddy water. The floor is dry dirt, and almost nothing grows. To avoid laundry and conserve water, wear as little as possible. Lunch, brought in yesterday by a group of hunters, will be served soon buffet style but, unlike those laid out at the Mandarin Hong Kong, there is just one primary course: fresh kudu meat. It’s within expiry date. Dinner is stashed away somewhere. This may be hand-to-mouth existence but there is enough food to go round, without conspicuous consumption and it satisfies the UN-designated calorific value, 1700-2400 kcal per day dependent on gender and age. The calories work out to less than 200 gm of meat (one slice, size of a playing card, split for brunch and dinner) and 250 gm of starch, which equals two medium-size bowl of rice porridge.

In the New Yorker, one of the world’s finest written magazines, John Lanchester makes the case for such a Kalahari life that, in a sort of way, had it better than how we live today. This is so, even though — Lanchester will never admit to it — not all civilizations are equal.

By civilization, Lanchester has to mean western civilization because that’s the only one he lives in. His civilization and ours may have the same style of beginnings, that is, emerging from a settled, agrarian life with mass grain cultivation (concentrating on one or two crops and, alongside it, animal domestication). The centerpiece in his idea of civilization is this: the creation of a modern state with its apparatus of taxation, bureaucracy and writing (for law and record keeping).

Lanchester makes no comparison between his present and the pre-modern, western civilization forms. Instead he uses, for contrasting effect, ancient Mesopotamia, the region in present Iraq, as well as the Kalahari Bushman tribes living at present along the borders of Namibia and Botswana. Why take some place so far away and so different in culture?

This question isn’t rhetorical. It is asked because places matter; civilizations emerge distinct to the geography of the land and its people’s habitat. The Bushman hunts because that is all there is to do, water is too scarce for mass cultivation of crops and because game is plentiful. In the Pacific island of Kiribati, for example, you won’t expect to find deer to hunt nor enough arable land to grow maize or rice. Fishing is all there is. Naturally, therefore, the civilization and hence its culture, including system of government, if any, are going to be markedly different from, say, a Sahara or a European country.

Lanchester makes no distinction between a civilization and a state with its system of government, taxation and militarization governing a clearly defined population within fixed boundaries. Indeed, citing James C. Scott, he conflates the state and government, rather than as separate, distinct phenomena, like civilization and states are separate things. In so doing, he doesn’t seem to consider a hunter-gatherer society as a form of civilization. On the contrary a hunter-gatherer band is regarded as the opposite of a civilization, a sort of a free-wheeling society without clearly defined hierarchies and organised rules with nobody in charge. In another (colonial) word, ‘uncivilized’ which is, of course, politically incorrect.

But, couldn’t there be a state overseeing without actually ruling a hunter-gatherer society — that is, a nomadic band within a settled civilization and given state protection? Of course that’s possible. The jungle borders of Laos, Thailand and China’s Yunnan (where today’s first generation descendants of hunters have ID cards) teemed with self-governing tribal bands as late as the 1930s and were left alone until the White Man brought in their Jesus Christ, their fucking ideologies (democracy, capitalism, communism, socialism) and then war and war and more war. Life, as they say, has never been the same since.

Until the arrival of the White Man en masse, the Pacific island societies (Samoa, Tonga, Tuvalu, New Guinea, Cook Islands, Vanuatu) comprised pseudo states, some with a ruling Queen (Tonga & Samoa and yes, queen) overseeing bands of people who lived on harvesting the sago palm or digging up taro roots, the food staple. In between they hunted wild pigs when not fishing. Malaysia’s jungles in the Peninsula and Sarawak still have remnants of that existence.

All that still represent diverse multi-cultural forms of civilizations, and they are types of civilizations nonetheless. It may be unsettled or unsecured life but settlement anywhere is caveat on habitat. In the Kalahari, a nomad, dependent on a pair of legs, can roam till the sun dies. In the Pacific, on the other hand, an island the size of Singapore is all that there is to go around so that the New Yorker question about which way of life is better — or which place produces a better civilization — is as misplaced as it is absurd.

For the Neolithic or Agricultural Revolution to spent a thousand years or more to first overtake hunter-gatherer society then to be itself replace by industries, it says more about the enduring power of civilization to shape a way of life than it is the other way around; Lanchester suggests it’s agriculture than birthed civilizations. He does not make clear though, is this Neolithic Revolution accompanied invariably by state power? His implication though is that state rule — that is, political life — is inevitable with a sedentary life. “There is,” he says, “a crucial, direct link between the cultivation of cereal crops and the birth of the first states.

From there Lanchester flies off into leaps of logic. After agriculture, he adds, came a litany of civilization’s failures, such as the Stalin’s farm collectivization that killed millions. Citing Jared Diamond, he says the Neolithic Revolution became “the worse mistake in human history.”

O! Really?

All along we thought the worse was the invention of Jesus Christ.

A proto-state is a pristine state, one without the watermarks of any earlier social, regulated form of organization. Mesopotamia was such a proto-state born from the womb of wheat farms, Lanchester says, citing evidence from the anthropologist James C. Scott who wrote the book on Malaysian farms, Weapons of the Weak.  But, argues Lanchester, look what has Mesopotamia gotten for its once glorious agriculture civilization? Gone today, wrecked by its own doing, including slavery and war.

Lanchester’s put-down of civilization as an accumulation of human disasters — from hunter gatherer to farmer to civilization and state — resembles the storyline at Friedrich Hegel who insists that the histories of the world evolve in dialectical form (mind vs nature, self vs Other, freedom vs authority, knowledge vs faith), one invariably giving way to another by a warbling linear progression towards a penultimate sort of state.

State? What state? A political state? Yes, part of it. A mind state? Yes, that too.

Hegel calls this state of political being or sense of state ‘geist‘, loosely meaning mind/spirit, a sort of freedom. Upon this idea, Martin Heidegger came to make the German Nazi party as emblematic of geist. (To fathom that, think in terms of Umno and Malaiyoo ketuanan, that chicken feed fascist version of geist.)

To us, the Chinese and the Far East, Hegelian geist is, really, just passe stuff, 3,000 years late to be precise.

The Chinese call that sense of eternal being Dao: if you can name it, you’d lose it. It’s Nothingness. It’s what it is and, hence, what it does: the apple tree will always apple, nature always nurtures, and if you know what it is you have arrived at, you’d see it is actually Nothing. Buddhism (and even its predecessor Hinduism) call it ‘nirvana‘, absolute knowledge arriving at nothing. Bliss.

This is the trouble with White people: they made ado much about nothing and thinks it so profound. Typical of this worldview, Lanchester wants to be empirically right and logically true at the same time.

This isn’t always necessary nor possible because evidences of fact don’t always turn out to be stone markers of truth. Once Lanchester deploys western methods of analysis — that is, interpreting the rest of the world on his own terms — just as Hegel did and Heidegger and Satre after that, the world they attempt to portray collapses into meaninglessness.

It doesn’t make sense to see how the life of a Bushman is comparable to someone working in a New York office. Nor to compare the civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia to the American prairies, much less to attach to their respective farmers any moral (Christian) significance about greed and covetousness.

Like many western anthropologists before him, Lanchester was simply looking for historical evidences to fit given conclusions. Or worse, liberal biases.

One result of this disastrous academic approach: Lancester, as did Scott and Diamond, failed to see that a hunter-gatherer band is a state in itself, on its own terms.

Take the Bushman tribe where, according to the anthropologist James Suzman, the man who brings home the meat faces a ‘ritual of insulting the meat’. This happens in which recipients of the meat get rude to the young provider when slicing up the carcass for distribution, in near equal proportions. Such a ritual must mean that instead of glory, the chief provider gets slapped. Done often enough — imagine a man has to hunt every few days since meat is not refrigerated — who wants to do it only to be insulted?

Something is also not right with the Suzman story line about a lonely hunter sharing his bounty with everyone because, unless he can operate alone like a lion or a run like a cheetah, the prospect of bringing in game single handed is quite small. Human dominance over other animal species is its ability to think and work in collaboration with others. This being the case, where work is a collaborative effort, then sharing is obligatory when not mandatory. Bushman civilization could simply contain the constituent of a state different from what is found in the West, certainly, with multiple political actors, the main ones being all young, all hunters, all fit and healthy good runners, all equal or near equal in status. Call it, if you like, kinship authoritarianism.

An identical social, kinship sharing-ritual goes on in New Guinea (until the Americans and the French arrived) but flipped around. There, because game is so scare, the man with the most domesticated animals must throw a huge, island wide party regularly so as to redistribute his stock of meat. Instead of being insulted, the man is retained on the pedestal; he continues to remain Chief. (For more on economic redistribution in kinship politics see for example ‘Cows, Pigs, Wars, and Witches‘, 1975, by Marvin Harris, 1927-2001.)

A similar idea underpins how and why Li Ka Shing is never revered in Hong Kong as the richest man. No, not revered; never. Instead, he is held out as the exemplar of what a man with deep pockets must do. That is, his obligations, responsibilities and duties that come with owning so much: You got rich out of us, now give it back! Hence, you read about him building schools and orphanages here and there in China mainland; and during lunar new year, dispatching truck loads of goodies into the mountains and villages. This redistribution idea has gone on for thousands of years in Chinese society and was central to the establishment of countless clan and trade associations, village societies, secret societies as conduits for redistribution. The rationale is this: Given fortuity, anybody can be rich and Li Ka Shing is no different. But, it takes a good, wise man to know what to do with the wealth accumulated.

In spite of the evidences to be found in every land outside of America and Europe, Lanchester still insists that the Bushman ritual of sharing is unique and peculiar only in a hunter-gatherer society. But why? Why go looking for the thing only in a preferred place when it is everywhere? The only plausible explanation is this: Seeing it his way could only have come from his liberal, political prejudices (egalitarianism) and Christian morality bias (God created all man equal, which is fucking false on all three counts, God, the creation, and equality). Predictably, Lanchester pronounces the Bushman society as superior to the modern (western) form: “affluent but without abundance, without excess, and without competitive acquisition.

Well, well, well if that were true — the existence of this glorious, stateless, abundant, equal opportunity Eden — Lanchester might consider emigrating to Bushman country.

You see, the facts may be correct, but is the truth true?

Going by western definition of a state, the tribal society is a political unit to itself; it’s only that Lanchester refuses to acknowledge this. It has its rules — only that a shaming culture is not the kind of thing westerners are used to. A shaming ritual is a form of rule.

Bushman culture fits Confucian political philosophy, which says that every individual is a political unit and, flowing from the person, the family a microcosm of the state upon which the nation-state rests and is an extension thereof. Hence, the government, public property and public institutions are frequently addressed in street parlance as “yeye 爷爷” or grandfather.

Once interpreted on those terms, you can see why the willingness of the Bushman hunter to bring home meat then sharing it must mean this: what’s good for him and his family is also good for the tribe. And for that, for the good of the family and everyone else, the hunter is willing endure the insults. Lanchester, as it is with Suzman (who studied the Bushman) and Scott and Diamond, were only willing to see events top-down, from a societal, worldview point rather than viewing life from the individual and family up. The Bushman’s material, physical priorities in life can’t be far different from the Chinese. It is only how life is sorted out to make those priorities happened is shaped differently. That’s a matter of culture.

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Postscript

https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DJ9hR8yXkAINql2.jpg:small

In Lanchester’s world — civilization — only the numbers are race free. The rest, especially the language and his anthropology, are White. In ‘The Case Against Civilization‘, it has to be white-bias (liberal) so that reading it is much like a black girl reading ‘Jane Eyre:

[Charlotte] Brontë sees Jane as an ideal version of womanhood. That version, comely and small, has to be absent of moral imperfections. It has to be white.

Imagine then when, for as many as 20 years, Hannah Yeoh or Yeo Bee Yin passing through the same, white civilization classes (above). They’d come out complete white crackpots, Anglophiles. White, Lanchesterian racism has been perfected into a scholarly art form, like Charlotte Brontë and her book are racist perfections. Her readers think nothing of it but only moral modernism and goodness. Tyrese Coleman:

To call this book feminist is to forget about me, that I am a reader too, that I am a woman too. That according to Brontë, I am a savage.

And Hannah Yeoh has said Brontë is one of her favorite authors.

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Lanchester’s interpretation of the Bushman life reflects the extent to which egalitarianism has become, on western terms, an ideological and a (Christian) moral fighting tool rather than existing simply as the necessary basis for organizing society; whether the society is agrarian or hunter-gatherer, it doesn’t matter. Egalitarianism is not moral injunction. It is the consequence to a kind of economic redistribution because to force people to share is to work against the human impulse that we have priorities. That is, we simply will love some people more than others, and for good reason.

The tribe is a state in its rawest form where everyone is his own government with the life of one stitched to the next and next in a chain of inter-dependency because this is the best possible way to survive in the barbaric wild. Like a family is self-governing so is the tribe. It governs by governing the least, with the minimum of rules, some disguised as rituals befitting their environment. It governs without any sophisticated apparatus or a bureaucracy, but some form of security organization must exist, even if not to ward off other tribes, at least to fight the lions and prevent those fucking hyenas from making off with the baby. It’s an arrangement that works well in small Kalahari groups or in secluded island societies but not in, say, China.

Why is it that Lanchester and the West still refuse to see the Bushman tribe as a form of civilization with a rudimentary government and sprouting elements of statehood?

To do so, his entire case that the modern world is somehow not right would collapse; it would end the western insistence that lives across the planet are comparable and being comparable must possess determinable yardsticks. Other than common physical needs, these yardsticks tended to be moral (Christian) in quality and logical in interpretation. The White man has the command of technology, language and global reach to determine what those yardsticks might be. But why should the rest of the world live on the moral dictates of Jesus Christ and be fitted to the terms western civilization has established for itself — this square peg in round holes thing?

The White man has done good, yes and true, but he has also become the enemy to other civilizations when, like Hegel, insist there is only one history to follow. Other civilizations, or their intrinsic worth therefrom, are snuffed out. The millions of death from Stalin collectivization arose directly from a single (western) ideological, political act that had nothing to do with the purpose of sedentary agriculture. With these western exports of murderous ideas, the world wouldn’t need civilization nor the state to do the killing. Lanchester goes down the same folly path. Using Scott’s “study” on the disastrous effects of agriculture (slavery, oppression, war) has had on Mesopotamia, Lanchester then argues for being wary of the settled life that produces civilization and statehood. This is plainly absurd; it’s logical solipsism at its worse. On point of fact, there is no evidence to show if one event birthed the other or even created the conditions for slavery and war as if without the state or without farming people don’t kill each other in mass numbers.

China, both its past and the present, stands as a counterpoint — a complete refutation in fact — to western claims that the civilization has become a danger to itself.

Civilization in China, the state by extension, permitted sedentary agriculture to flourish. It was never the other way around. Until the Shang dynasty (商朝 Shangchao, c.1600 BC–c.1046 BC) and even onward to the Qin dynasty (c.220 BC), farming was a dangerous enterprise because the neighbor or the nomads on horseback along the present regions of the Great Wall came in galloping to raid the granary, often making off with Han girls for bonus. These were the xiongnu 匈奴, roaming bands of animal herders no different in numbers and in way of life from those found in Africa, with a chief and a coterie of hangers-on that became the bureaucracy. The xiongnu were the gatherers of other people’s grains, China’s, and were hunters of Han women — not kudu deer and wild pigs.

Nothing romantic about hunter-gatherers, Mr Lanchester.

Against these barbarians, militarization of the peasants became necessary and with it the growth of Chinese state power, improvements in writing, record keeping, development of ferrous making, gunpowder, paper and so on. And with these, elements of industries sprouted. Unlike those cited by Lanchester wherein states taxed by cereals, the first rule of Chinese taxation was compulsory conscription (think Fa Mulan): young, healthy boys for the defense of not just the country but a way of life. This is collaboration and defense sharing, no? Only later were salt and currency added as taxes.

Civilization and state power made possible mass cultivation — and a settled way of life.

By the Han dynasty era, so successful was this development of civilization that a distinct Chinese culture emerged that exists in recognizable form today. Another evidence of the success: population growth from, say, 60 million to 80 then 110 and on and on (see graph below). The Chinese came to be known in street parlance as huaren 华人, an ‘Accomplished People’. Records in the 書經 shujing as well as Sima Qian’s ‘History of Han‘ (again, the work of strict record keeping) spoke repeatedly of the xiongnu as well as of entreaties to the emperor to keep the peace at all cost; it was his primary purpose, his station in life. If heaven breaks loose 天下大乱, he goes. Now that the hunters and gatherers were pacified, enter Confucius: how to keep the peace in time of peace. For that, culture…. Chinese culture.

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The xiongnu 匈奴

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4d/XiongnuMap.png/220px-XiongnuMap.png

Roughly, the area covered by the xiongnu 匈奴, collective name for varied hunter-gatherer tribes in central Asia. For more than 3,000 years they refused to leave alone the southern settled agrarian life, that is, the Chinese. Other than to kill these motherfuckers, consecutive emperors had to build, rebuild, and extend the Great Wall just to keep them out of China. That work did not stop for a thousand years. By the time the Mings sailed into the South China Sea, they were — no joke — still at it.

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Graph: China’s demographics the last 2000 years.

https://i0.wp.com/www.china-profile.com/data/figures/fig_population_0-2050_s.gif

Chinese sedentary agriculture was so successful that it brought vast improvements in health, reflected in lifespan and to how tall.

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不裝飾你的夢 Never embellish your dreams…

 

 

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